17 Facts About Alexander Bogdanov


Alexander Bogdanov was a key figure in the early history of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, originally established 1898, and of its Bolshevik faction.

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Alexander Bogdanov co-founded the Bolsheviks in 1903, when they split with the Menshevik faction.

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Alexander Bogdanov was a rival within the Bolsheviks to Vladimir Lenin, until being expelled in 1909 and founding his own faction Vpered.

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Alexander Bogdanov's was eight years older than him and worked as a nurse for Rudnev.

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Alexander Bogdanov gained access to the works of Lenin in 1896, particularly the latter's critique of Peter Berngardovich Struve.

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Back in Russia during the 1905 Revolution, Alexander Bogdanov was arrested on 3 December 1905 and held in prison until 27 May 1906.

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Four years after the collapse of the Russian Revolution of 1905, Alexander Bogdanov led a group within the Bolsheviks, who demanded a recall of Social Democratic deputies from the State Duma, and he vied with Lenin for the leadership of the Bolshevik faction.

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In June 1909, Alexander Bogdanov was defeated by Lenin at a Bolshevik mini-conference in Paris organized by the editorial board of the Bolshevik magazine Proletary and was expelled from the Bolsheviks.

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Alexander Bogdanov broke with the Vpered in 1912 and abandoned revolutionary activities.

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Alexander Bogdanov had no party-political involvement in the Russian Revolution of 1917, although he did publish a number of articles and books about the events that unfurled around him.

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At the beginning of February 1918, Alexander Bogdanov denied that the Bolsheviks' October seizure to power had constituted a conspiracy.

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Alexander Bogdanov refused multiple offers to rejoin the party and denounced the new regime as similar to Aleksey Arakcheyev's arbitrary and despotic rule in the early 1820s.

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In 1918, Alexander Bogdanov became a professor of economics at the University of Moscow and director of the newly established Socialist Academy of Social Sciences.

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Between 1918 and 1920, Alexander Bogdanov co-founded the proletarian art movement Proletkult and was its leading theoretician.

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On 8 September 1923, Alexander Bogdanov was among a number of people arrested by the GPU on suspicion of being involved in them.

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Alexander Bogdanov was released after five weeks on 13 October; however, his file was not closed until a decree passed by the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on 16 January 1989.

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In 1924, Alexander Bogdanov started his blood transfusion experiments, apparently hoping to achieve eternal youth or at least partial rejuvenation.

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