101 Facts About Vladimir Lenin

1. Vladimir Lenin was a devout Marxist, and believed that his interpretation of Marxism—first termed "Leninism" by Martov in 1904—was the sole authentic and orthodox one.

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2. Vladimir Lenin rejected repeated calls—including from some Bolsheviks—to establish a coalition government with other socialist parties.

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3. Vladimir Lenin publicly condemned both the Mensheviks and the Social Revolutionaries—who dominated the influential Petrograd Soviet—for supporting the Provisional Government, denouncing them as traitors to socialism.

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4. Vladimir Lenin was angry that the German Social-Democratic Party was supporting the German war effort—a direct contravention of the Second International's Stuttgart resolution that socialist parties would oppose the conflict—and thus saw the Second International as defunct.

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5. Vladimir Lenin was a devout Marxist, and believed that his interpretation of Marxism—first termed "Leninism" by Martov in 1904—was the sole authentic and orthodox one.

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6. Vladimir Lenin rejected repeated calls—including from some Bolsheviks—to establish a coalition government with other socialist parties.

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7. Vladimir Lenin publicly condemned both the Mensheviks and the Social Revolutionaries—who dominated the influential Petrograd Soviet—for supporting the Provisional Government, denouncing them as traitors to socialism.

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8. Vladimir Lenin was angry that the German Social-Democratic Party was supporting the German war effort—a direct contravention of the Second International's Stuttgart resolution that socialist parties would oppose the conflict—and thus saw the Second International as defunct.

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9. Vladimir Lenin was a devout Marxist, and believed that his interpretation of Marxism—first termed "Leninism" by Martov in 1904—was the sole authentic and orthodox one.

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10. Vladimir Lenin rejected repeated calls—including from some Bolsheviks—to establish a coalition government with other socialist parties.

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11. Vladimir Lenin publicly condemned both the Mensheviks and the Social Revolutionaries—who dominated the influential Petrograd Soviet—for supporting the Provisional Government, denouncing them as traitors to socialism.

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12. Vladimir Lenin was angry that the German Social-Democratic Party was supporting the German war effort—a direct contravention of the Second International's Stuttgart resolution that socialist parties would oppose the conflict—and thus saw the Second International as defunct.

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13. Vladimir Lenin called for Stalin to be removed as General Secretary, a post to which Lenin had only promoted him in 1922.

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14. Vladimir Lenin desperately hoped that his intervention would stem the ideological rot that he feared was spreading across the Party apparatus.

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15. Vladimir Lenin was willing to use military force to ensure this unity, resulting in armed incursions into the independent states that formed in Ukraine, Georgia, Poland, Finland, and the Baltic states.

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16. Vladimir Lenin believed that although Russia's economy was dominated by the peasantry, that monopoly capitalism existed in Russia meant that the country was sufficiently materially developed to move to socialism.

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17. Vladimir Lenin adapted his ideas according to changing circumstances, including the pragmatic realities of governing Russia amid war, famine, and economic collapse.

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18. Vladimir Lenin was a devout Marxist, and believed that his interpretation of Marxism—first termed "Leninism" by Martov in 1904—was the sole authentic and orthodox one.

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19. Vladimir Lenin was increasingly critical of Stalin; while Lenin was insisting that the state should retain its monopoly on international trade during mid-1922, Stalin was leading other Bolsheviks in unsuccessfully opposing this.

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20. Vladimir Lenin sent her to a sanatorium in Kislovodsk in the Northern Caucasus to recover, but she died there in September 1920 during a cholera epidemic.

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21. Vladimir Lenin deemed the unions to be superfluous in a "workers' state", but Lenin disagreed, believing it best to retain them; most Bolsheviks embraced Lenin's view in the 'trade union discussion'.

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22. Vladimir Lenin issued the Decree on Popular Education that stipulated that the government would guarantee free, secular education for all children in Russia, and a decree establishing a system of state orphanages.

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23. Vladimir Lenin rejected repeated calls—including from some Bolsheviks—to establish a coalition government with other socialist parties.

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24. Vladimir Lenin publicly condemned both the Mensheviks and the Social Revolutionaries—who dominated the influential Petrograd Soviet—for supporting the Provisional Government, denouncing them as traitors to socialism.

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25. Vladimir Lenin organised a plan with other dissidents to negotiate a passage for them through Germany, with whom Russia was then at war.

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26. Vladimir Lenin decided to return to Russia to take charge of the Bolsheviks, but found that most passages into the country were blocked due to the ongoing conflict.

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27. Vladimir Lenin still perceived himself as an orthodox Marxist, but he began to diverge from some of Marx's predictions about societal development; whereas Marx had believed that a "bourgeoisie-democratic revolution" of the middle-classes had to take place before a "socialist revolution" of the proletariat, Lenin believed that in Russia, the proletariat could overthrow the Tsarist regime without an intermediate revolution.

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28. Vladimir Lenin attended the Zimmerwald Conference in September 1915 and the Kienthal Conference in April 1916, urging socialists across the continent to convert the "imperialist war" into a continent-wide "civil war" with the proletariat pitted against the bourgeoisie and aristocracy.

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29. Vladimir Lenin was angry that the German Social-Democratic Party was supporting the German war effort—a direct contravention of the Second International's Stuttgart resolution that socialist parties would oppose the conflict—and thus saw the Second International as defunct.

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30. Vladimir Lenin stayed in close contact with the RSDLP, which was operating in the Russian Empire, convincing the Duma's Bolshevik members to split from their parliamentary alliance with the Mensheviks.

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31. Vladimir Lenin finished The Development of Capitalism in Russia, his longest book to date, which criticised the agrarian-socialists and promoted a Marxist analysis of Russian economic development.

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32. Vladimir Lenin was granted a few days in Saint Petersburg to put his affairs in order and used this time to meet with the Social-Democrats, who had renamed themselves the League of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class.

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33. Vladimir Lenin proceeded to Paris to meet Marx's son-in-law Paul Lafargue and to research the Paris Commune of 1871, which he considered an early prototype for a proletarian government.

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34. Vladimir Lenin authored a political tract criticising the Narodnik agrarian-socialists, What the "Friends of the People" Are and How They Fight the Social-Democrats, based largely on his experiences in Samara; around 200 copies were illegally printed in 1894.

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35. Vladimir Lenin began a romantic relationship with Nadezhda "Nadya" Krupskaya, a Marxist schoolteacher.

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36. Vladimir Lenin wrote a paper on peasant economics; it was rejected by the liberal journal Russian Thought.

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37. Vladimir Lenin devoted much time to radical politics, remaining active in Sklyarenko's group and formulating ideas about how Marxism applied to Russia.

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38. Vladimir Lenin joined a revolutionary cell bent on assassinating the Tsar and was selected to construct a bomb.

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39. Vladimir Lenin became an ideological figurehead behind Marxism–Leninism and thus a prominent influence over the international communist movement.

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40. Vladimir Lenin moved to Saint Petersburg in 1893 and became a senior Marxist activist.

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41. Vladimir Lenin served as head of government of Soviet Russia from 1917 to 1924 and of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924.

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42. Vladimir Lenin was born Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov on April 22, 1870, to an upper-middle class family in the Russian town of Simbirsk, on the Volga River.

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43. Vladimir Lenin was expelled from Kazan University because of his open rebellion and finished his law studies in St Petersburg.

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44. At this point Vladimir Lenin reversed many of his policies and instituted a reform called the New Economic Policy.

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45. Vladimir Lenin graduated from secondary school with high honors and enrolled at Kazan University, but he was expelled after participating in a demonstration.

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46. Vladimir Lenin applied a mixed economic system to promote the growth of economy in 1921.

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47. Vladimir Lenin had various publications, which earned him the status as notable party theorist after he relocated to Western Europe.

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48. Vladimir Lenin took part in the protest against the Tsarist regime or Russian empire.

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49. Vladimir Lenin was from a wealthy middle class family who lived in Simbirsk.

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50. Vladimir Lenin started to make several changes in his new seat.

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51. Vladimir Lenin was responsible for the creation of the word Bolshevik.

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52. Vladimir Lenin was one of the most important contributors to Russia who showed the path of revolution.

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53. Vladimir Lenin stayed away from luxury, living simply even when he was in charge of the Soviet Union.

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54. Vladimir Lenin pushed for a complete embrace of atheism when it came to the new Soviet Government.

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55. Vladimir Lenin described his visitor as the "wonderful Georgian".

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56. In 1913, Vladimir Lenin was staying in Poland with his wife when he was visited by a young revolutionary.

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57. Vladimir Lenin was attending discussion groups on Marxism when he met his future wife, Nadezhda Krupskaya.

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58. In 1916, Vladimir Lenin was still abroad when he received word that his mother had died.

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59. In 1918, Vladimir Lenin narrowly survived an assassination attempt, but was severely wounded.

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60. Vladimir Lenin became the first head of the USSR, but by that time, his health was declining.

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61. Vladimir Lenin advocated for Russian defeat in World War I, arguing that it would hasten the political revolution he desired.

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62. Vladimir Lenin practiced law briefly in St Petersburg in the mid-1890s.

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63. Vladimir Lenin was born in 1870 into a middle-class family in Ulyanovsk, Russia.

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64. Vladimir Lenin was a Russian communist revolutionary and head of the Bolshevik Party who rose to prominence during the Russian Revolution of 1917, one of the most explosive political events of the twentieth century.

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65. Vladimir Lenin spent the last two years of his life at a country home outside of Moscow.

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66. Vladimir Lenin spent World War I in Switzerland before returning to Russia to lead the October Revolution of 1917, which overthrew the provisional government established after Czar Nicholas II abdicated his throne.

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67. Vladimir Lenin was arrested in 1897 for his revolutionary activities and sentenced to three years of exile in Siberia.

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68. Vladimir Lenin had only five years to rule the Soviet Union before he was disabled by a stroke.

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69. Vladimir Lenin formed the Bolshevik Party in 1903 and used it to conduct a Communist revolution in November 1917.

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70. Vladimir Lenin died January 24, 1924, physically unable to appoint his successor.

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71. Vladimir Lenin tried to get the United States and Europe to invest in the Soviet Union, but was refused because the Soviets had repudiated all foreign debts.

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72. Vladimir Lenin was born Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov on April 22, 1870, in Simbirsk, a town on the Volga River.

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73. Vladimir Ilyich Vladimir Lenin founded the Russian Communist party and led the 1917 Russian Revolution, which placed the Bolshevik party in charge of the government.

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74. In 1919, Vladimir Lenin established the Third International, or Comintern, to further world revolution.

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75. Vladimir Lenin fulfilled his promise of peace by accepting the humiliating treaty of Brest-Litovsk.

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76. Vladimir Lenin continued to be the chief exponent of Bolshevik thought in the long struggles for supremacy against Plekhanov, Kautsky, and other less radical Marxists.

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77. At this point Vladimir Lenin reversed many of his policies and instituted a trenchant reform, called the New Economic Policy.

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78. Vladimir Lenin graduated from secondary school with high honors, enrolled at Kazan University, but was expelled after participating in a demonstration.

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79. Vladimir Lenin worked to develop theoretical and practical means to accomplish these closely related tasks.

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80. Vladimir Lenin attacked the populist thesis in several articles and pamphlets.

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81. From that moment, one might say, Vladimir Lenin had no personal life, for his biography and the further history of the Russian Revolution became inextricably intertwined.

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82. Vladimir Lenin felt it was an urgent necessity that he reach Russia and prevent the Bolsheviks from making fools of themselves.

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83. Vladimir Lenin selected Roman Malinovskii to be their spokesman, unaware that he was on the police payroll.

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84. Vladimir Lenin found himself doomed to years of bitter wrangling with his former colleagues.

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85. Vladimir Lenin made rules that as much food as possible was to be given to Bolshevik soldiers in Russia's new Red Army.

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86. Vladimir Lenin wanted an end to World War I in Russia, he signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany in February 1918.

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87. Vladimir Lenin wanted a strict system where power would only be given to the government.

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88. In 1900, Vladimir Lenin was set free from prison and allowed to go back home.

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89. Vladimir Lenin was good in school and learned the Latin and Greek languages.

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90. Vladimir Lenin was born on 22 April 1870 in the town of Simbirsk in the Russian Empire.

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91. Vladimir Lenin was born into a well-educated family and went on to study law at Kazan University in August 1887.

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92. Vladimir Lenin strained every nerve to reverse these trends, which he regarded as antithetical to Socialism, and to replace Stalin.

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93. In both spheres, Vladimir Lenin was plagued by breaks within the ranks of Bolshevik leaders.

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94. Vladimir Lenin capitalized on the growing disillusionment of the people with Kerensky's ability and willingness to complete the revolution.

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95. Vladimir Lenin called this government, despite its democratic pretensions, thoroughly imperialist and undeserving of support by Socialists.

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96. Vladimir Lenin succeeded in reaching neutral Switzerland in September 1914, there joining a small group of anti-war Bolshevik and Menshevik emigres.

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97. Vladimir Lenin defiantly rejected this kind of alliance and post-revolutionary regime.

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98. Vladimir Lenin found himself in the minority in the early sessions of the Second Congress of what was then proclaimed to be the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party.

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99. Vladimir Lenin wrote that he found Stalin rude, rough and lacking in finesse.

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100. Vladimir Lenin was very badly injured and did not ever fully recover.

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101. Vladimir Lenin announced that the soviets had taken all power unto themselves.

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