27 Facts About Alexander Bullock


Alexander Hamilton Bullock was an American lawyer, politician, and businessman from Massachusetts.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,433

Alexander Bullock was actively opposed to the expansion of slavery before the American Civil War, playing a major role in the New England Emigrant Aid Society, founded in 1855 to settle the Kansas Territory with abolitionists.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,434

Alexander Bullock was educated as a lawyer, and married into the wealthy Hazard family of arms manufacturers, becoming one of the state's wealthiest men.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,435

Alexander Bullock served in the state legislature during the war, and was active in recruiting for the war effort.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,436

Alexander Bullock was an advocate of temperance, and of the expansion of railroads in the state.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,437

Alexander Bullock's father was a merchant and farmer who owned a small mill and was active in local politics.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,438

Alexander Bullock attended the local schools before going to Leicester Academy.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,439

Alexander Bullock graduated from Amherst College in 1836 and from Harvard Law School in 1840.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,440

Alexander Bullock was then admitted to the Massachusetts Bar and joined the law practice of Emory Washburn in Worcester.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,441

Alexander Bullock eventually joined the State Mutual Life Assurance Company, which had John Davis as its first president.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,442

Alexander Bullock served as a military assistant to John Davis, who was Governor of Massachusetts that year, after which he was frequently referred to as "Colonel Bullock".

FactSnippet No. 1,392,443

In 1844 Alexander Bullock married Elvira Hazard, daughter of Augustus George Hazard of Enfield, Connecticut; they had three children, including explorer Fanny Alexander Bullock Workman.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,444

Alexander Bullock was first elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a Whig in 1844, serving until 1848; for two years he was chairman of the Judiciary Committee.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,445

In 1854, Alexander Bullock became a principal in the New England Emigrant Aid Company, established by Eli Thayer to send anti-slavery settlers to the Kansas Territory after the Kansas-Nebraska Act specified that slavery in the territory was to be determined by popular sovereignty.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,446

When Worcester was chartered as a city in 1848, Alexander Bullock was elected to serve on its inaugural Common Council.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,447

Alexander Bullock first ran for mayor of Worcester in 1853, but lost the election.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,448

Alexander Bullock was elected a member of the Worcester-based American Antiquarian Society in 1855.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,449

Alexander Bullock served as president of the Worcester County Horticultural Society from 1860 to 1863.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,450

In 1861 Alexander Bullock was again elected to the state legislature, serving until 1866.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,451

Alexander Bullock was elected Speaker of the House in January 1862, serving in that role until 1865 with near-unanimous support.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,452

Alexander Bullock was energetic in recruitment of troops for the Union Army, and was diligent in the oversight of the state's finances during the conflict.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,453

Alexander Bullock supported labor reforms, in particular legislation limiting the length of the workday, although such legislation would not be enacted in the state until 1874, when a ten-hour workday was mandated .

FactSnippet No. 1,392,454

Alexander Bullock defeated Civil War General Darius Couch in the general election, and served three consecutive one-year terms.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,455

Alexander Bullock was an outspoken advocate of women's suffrage, although the more conservative legislature never enacted enabling legislation.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,456

One of the more contentious issues during Alexander Bullock's tenure was the state's alcohol prohibition law, which had been enacted in the 1850s, and which politically divided the otherwise dominant Republicans.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,457

Alexander Bullock vetoed this bill, pointing out that the state police performed other vital functions.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,458

Alexander Bullock refused repeated offers to stand for the United States Congress, and in 1879 turned down an offer by President Rutherford B Hayes of the ambassadorship to the United Kingdom.

FactSnippet No. 1,392,459