13 Facts About Alice Bailly


Alice Bailly was a Swiss avant-garde painter, known for her interpretations on cubism, fauvism, futurism, her wool paintings, and her participation in the Dada movement.


In 1906, Bailly had settled in Paris where she befriended Juan Gris, Francis Picabia, and Marie Laurencin, avant-garde modernist painters who influenced her works and her later life.


Originally, the family name was Bally, but after a critic mistook her name for "Bolly" in a review she had it changed to "Alice Bailly" to avoid further confusions.


Alice Bailly was born to a modestly situated family in Geneva, Switzerland.


Alice Bailly believed that the purpose of the school was to develop her individual talent, not introduce their ideas to her.


Alice Bailly won a scholarship to study in Munich, Germany, but after a disastrous and short lived stint in class she spent the rest of her time studying Rubens, Van Dyck, and other master artists at the Munich Art Gallery.


Alice Bailly spent a couple of years back in Geneva, working on painting and wood engraving.

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In 1904, at the age of thirty-two, Alice Bailly moved to Paris, where she befriended a number of notable modernist painters such as Juan Gris, Francis Picabia, Albert Gleizes, Jean Metzinger, Fernand Leger, Sonia Lewitska and Marie Laurencin.


In 1912, Alice Bailly's work was chosen to represent Swiss artists in an exhibit that traveled through Russia, England, and Spain.


At the start of World War I, Alice Bailly returned to her native country of Switzerland and invented her signature "wool paintings," which were her own variations of Cubism.


Alice Bailly made about 50 of these wool paintings between 1913 and 1922.


Alice Bailly was regularly exhibited in the society, along with many other female artists specializing in cubism.


Alice Bailly's three-quarter-turned pose indicates a traditional self-portrait, while the red, orange and blue hues show Fauve influences.