21 Facts About Amazon forest


Amazon rainforest, Amazon jungle or Amazonia is a moist broadleaf tropical rainforest in the Amazon biome that covers most of the Amazon basin of South America.

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Name Amazon forest is said to arise from a war Francisco de Orellana fought with the Tapuyas and other tribes.

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The rainAmazon forest has been in existence for at least 55 million years, and most of the region remained free of savanna-type biomes at least until the current ice age when the climate was drier and savanna more widespread.

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However, the rainAmazon forest still managed to thrive during these glacial periods, allowing for the survival and evolution of a broad diversity of species.

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In present day, the Amazon forest receives approximately 9 feet of rainfall annually.

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Amazon forest phosphorus comes as smoke due to biomass burning in Africa.

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Terra preta is found over large areas in the Amazon forest; and is widely accepted as a product of indigenous soil management.

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The development of this fertile soil allowed agriculture and silviculture in the previously hostile environment; meaning that large portions of the Amazon rainforest are probably the result of centuries of human management, rather than naturally occurring as has previously been supposed.

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Biodiversity in the Amazon is becoming increasingly threatened, primarily by habitat loss from deforestation as well as increased frequency of fires.

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The main sources of deforestation in the Amazon are human settlement and the development of the land.

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The soils in the Amazon forest are productive for just a short period of time, so farmers are constantly moving to new areas and clearing more land.

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Amazon forest has used his time in office to allow for more deforestation and more exploitation of the Amazon's rich natural resources.

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One consequence of forest clearing in the Amazon: thick smoke that hangs over the forest.

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One hectare in the Peruvian Amazon has been calculated to have a value of $6820 if intact forest is sustainably harvested for fruits, latex, and timber; $1000 if clear-cut for commercial timber ; or $148 if used as cattle pasture.

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An ecotourism project in the Brazilian-section of the Amazon rainforest had been under consideration by Brazil's State Secretary for the Environment and Sustainable Development in 2009, along the Aripuana river, in the Aripuana Sustainable Development Reserve.

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Use of remote sensing for the conservation of the Amazon forest is being used by the indigenous tribes of the basin to protect their tribal lands from commercial interests.

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Currently, most tribes in the Amazon forest do not have clearly defined boundaries, making it easier for commercial ventures to target their territories.

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In 2005, parts of the Amazon forest basin experienced the worst drought in one hundred years, and there were indications that 2006 may have been a second successive year of drought.

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In 2010, the Amazon rainforest experienced another severe drought, in some ways more extreme than the 2005 drought.

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In 2019 Brazil's protections of the Amazon rainforest were slashed, resulting in a severe loss of trees.

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In 2020, a 17 percent rise was noted in the Amazon forest wildfires, marking the worst start to the fire season in a decade.

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