15 Facts About Anglo-Japanese style


Anglo-Japanese style developed in the United Kingdom through the Victorian period and early Edwardian period from approximately 1851 to the 1910s, when a new appreciation for Japanese design and culture influenced how designers and craftspeople made British art, especially the decorative arts and architecture of England, covering a vast array of art objects including ceramics, furniture and interior design.

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The Anglo-Japanese style was popularised by Edward William Godwin in the 1870s in England, with many artisans working in the Anglo-Japanese style drawing upon Japan as a source of inspiration and designed pieces based on Japanese Art, whilst some favoured Japan simply for its commercial viability, particularly true after the 1880s when the British interest in Eastern design and culture is regarded as a characteristic of the Aesthetic Movement.

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Notable British designers working in the Anglo-Japanese style include Christopher Dresser, Edward William Godwin, James Lamb, Philip Webb and the decorative arts wall painting of James Abbott McNeill Whistler.

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When designing pottery and ceramics, early influences on the Anglo-Japanese style came from 'japonaiserie' influence and early influences show how Dresser working with Minton's incorporated the superficial exterior of Japanese pottery techniques and colour in porcelain, but not its design principles or aesthetical practices.

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Anglo-Japanese style made his William Watt Anglo Japanese Style furniture, and his Japanese Mon inspired wallpapers.

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In commercial mass-produced tablewares, the Anglo-Japanese style was most represented by transfer prints depicting Japanese botanical or animal motifs such as bamboos, and birds; scenes of Japan or Japanese objects such as fans.

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Aesthetic artist who drew from the Anglo-Japanese style frequently used imagery such as Peacocks, and came to be known by their artistic peers as belonging to the 'Cult of Japan'.

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Anglo-Japanese style produced a number of aesthetical wallpapers in the style for Warner and Ramm, notably 'characteristic [using] Japanese simplicity of line and colour' drawn from the aesthetial practices taught in the works of Dresser and Godwin.

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Furniture in the Anglo Japanese Anglo-Japanese style was reported by this time to have begun to use Mother-of-Pearl-inlay, a traditionally Japanese material made in Japan and imported for the British market.

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Anglo-Japanese style was known to have received a copy of shunga by the artist Utamaro from William Rothenstein which heavily influenced Beardsley's own erotic imagery, being first introduced to Japanese woodblock prints during his lunch hours working in Frederick Evan's Holborn bookstore circa 1889.

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The first acclaimed Japanese garden is often cited as having popularised the Anglo-Japanese style was Leopold de Rothschild Japanese bamboo garden opened at Gunnersby Estate in West London in 1901.

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In 1903 Reginald Farrer popularised the rock gardening Anglo-Japanese style affiliated by English gardeners with Zen gardens further in his writings.

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Japanese art critic Seiichi Taki noted in Studio Magazine; how Occidental and Oriental painting regarded the subject matter of painting in expressing an idea to an audience as important; but that they differed in their outcomes and execution by how the western Anglo-Japanese style of painting lays 'stress on [the] objective, and the other [(Japanese)] on subjective ideas'.

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Mackintosh first became acquainted with Japanese design in 1884 at the Glasgow school of Art, producing a Japanese inspired work in Part Seen, Part Imagined in 1896 shown in the kimono Anglo-Japanese style garment portrayed, and submitting architectural designs to the Glasgow School of Art inspired by the Mon crests based on 'Kinuo Tanaka's I-Ro-Ha Mon-Cho' and on the 'temporary nature of Japanese joinery'.

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Oscar Wilde reported and commented upon the progress of the Anglo-Japanese style, referring to "the influence which Eastern art is having on us in Europe, and the fascination of all Japanese work" in a lecture he gave in the United States in 1882.

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