33 Facts About Anthony Crosland


Charles Anthony Raven Crosland was a British Labour Party politician and author.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,226

Anthony Crosland offered positive alternatives to both the right wing and left wing of the Labour Party.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,227

Anthony Crosland later served as President of the Board of Trade, then Secretary of State for Local Government and Regional Planning .

FactSnippet No. 1,353,228

Anthony Crosland died suddenly in February 1977 of a cerebral haemorrhage, aged 58.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,229

Anthony Crosland's father, Joseph Beardsall Crosland, was a senior official at the War Office, and his mother, Jessie Raven, was an academic.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,230

Anthony Crosland grew up in north London and was educated at Highgate School and at Trinity College, Oxford, obtaining a second class honours degree in Classical Moderations in Greek and Latin Literature.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,231

Anthony Crosland then became an intelligence officer gathering information for several months in the front line about troop movements at the Battle of Monte Cassino, and was briefly involved in the Allied invasion of southern France as part of Operation Rugby in August 1944.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,232

Anthony Crosland then became a university don at Oxford, tutoring in Economics.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,233

Anthony Crosland, who had been talent-spotted by Hugh Dalton, was chosen as a Labour candidate in December 1949 to fight the next general election.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,234

Anthony Crosland entered Parliament at the February 1950 general election, being returned for the South Gloucestershire constituency.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,235

Anthony Crosland held that seat until the 1955 general election, when he was defeated at Southampton Test.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,236

Anthony Crosland returned to the House of Commons at the 1959 general election when he was elected for Grimsby, which he would represent for the rest of his life.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,237

From June 1960, Anthony Crosland played an important part in the establishment of the Campaign for Democratic Socialism, a right-wing grassroots group within the Labour Party, created, in part, as a response to the debates around the Left's advocacy of unilateral nuclear disarmament and Clause IV.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,238

However, Anthony Crosland was against Gaitskell's attempts to change Clause 4.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,239

Anthony Crosland nominated and voted for James Callaghan in the leadership contest caused by Gaitskell's death on 18 January 1963.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,240

In November 1964 Anthony Crosland and Brown told Wilson and Callaghan that ruling out devaluation was a mistake in the face of the economic crisis then under way.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,241

Two months later Anthony Crosland announced their decision which treated Commonwealth students for the first time as if they were foreign.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,242

Anthony Crosland subsequently served as President of the Board of Trade from September 1967 to October 1969.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,243

Anthony Crosland was deeply disappointed not to have been made Chancellor of the Exchequer after the November 1967 cabinet reshuffle which followed the devaluation of the pound.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,244

Anthony Crosland was seen as a leader and intellectual guru of the "right wing" or "social democratic" wing of the Labour Party in the 1970s.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,245

Anthony Crosland polled 61 votes of the Parliamentary Labour Party and was eliminated in the first round.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,246

Anthony Crosland was embarrassed by the national press in January 1973 when it emerged he had been given a silver coffee pot donated by disgraced corrupt architect John Poulson when opening a school in Bradford in January 1966.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,247

Anthony Crosland was instrumental in changing Transport policy on British Rail to be a higher fare fast intercity passenger service rather than its previous role as a general freight common carrier.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,248

Anthony Crosland contested the leadership in March 1976 following Wilson's resignation, but polled only 17 votes and finished bottom of the poll.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,249

Anthony Crosland once quipped to his wife that "when I pop off and they cut open my heart, on it will be engraved 'fish' and 'Rhodesia'".

FactSnippet No. 1,353,250

Early in his life Anthony Crosland had numerous affairs, including allegedly with Roy Jenkins.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,251

Anthony Crosland married Hilary Sarson in November 1952, divorcing after five years, though the marriage had effectively ended after a year.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,252

Anthony Crosland remarried on 7 February 1964 to Susan Catling, an American from Baltimore resident in London whom he had met in 1956, and, in contrast to his first marriage, this was very happy and content.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,253

Anthony Crosland persuaded his step-daughters to abandon their elite private schools to attend Holland Park Comprehensive.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,254

Anthony Crosland was a keen football fan and an avid viewer of the television show Match of the Day.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,255

Anthony Crosland was himself an active member of the Fabian Society, contributing to the New Fabian Essays collection, which saw the emerging generation of Labour thinkers and politicians attempt to set out a new programme for Labour following the Attlee governments of 1945 to 1951.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,256

Two further books of essays by Anthony Crosland were published: The Conservative Enemy and Socialism Now, and Other Essays .

FactSnippet No. 1,353,257

Anthony Crosland was succeeded as foreign secretary by David Owen, who delivered his speech to the Diplomatic Writers Association on 3 March 1977.

FactSnippet No. 1,353,258