Anthony Stephen Fauci is an American physician-scientist and immunologist who served as the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases from 1984 to 2022, and the chief medical advisor to the president from 2021 to 2022.
57 Facts About Anthony Fauci
From 1983 to 2002, Anthony Fauci was one of the world's most frequently cited scientists across all scientific journals.
Anthony Fauci's advice was frequently contradicted by Trump, and Trump's supporters alleged that Anthony Fauci was trying to politically undermine Trump's run for reelection.
Anthony Fauci was born on December 24,1940, in Brooklyn, New York City, to Eugenia Lillian and Stephen A Fauci and is the youngest of two children born to both parents.
Anthony Fauci's father was a Columbia University-educated pharmacist who owned his pharmacy.
When he was a child, Anthony Fauci developed a fascination with World War II, and played basketball and baseball during his spare time.
Anthony Fauci's grandparents immigrated to the United States from Italy in the late 19th century.
Anthony Fauci's maternal grandmother Raffaella Trematerra was a seamstress, and his maternal grandfather Giovanni Abys was a Swiss-born artist noted for his landscape and portrait painting, magazine illustrations in Italy, as well as graphic design for commercial labels, including olive oil cans.
Anthony Fauci decided halfway through high school to become a physician.
Anthony Fauci then attended Cornell University's Medical College, graduating with a Doctor of Medicine degree in 1966 ranked first in his class.
Anthony Fauci then did an internship and residency in internal medicine at New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center.
Anthony Fauci became head of the LCI's Clinical Physiology Section in 1974, and in 1980 was appointed chief of the NIAID's Laboratory of Immunoregulation.
Anthony Fauci has been offered the position of director of the NIH several times, but has declined each time.
Anthony Fauci has been a visiting professor at many medical centers and has received numerous honorary doctorates from universities in the US and abroad.
Anthony Fauci has made important scientific observations that contributed to the understanding of the regulation of the human immune response and is recognized for delineating the mechanisms whereby immunosuppressive agents adapt to that response.
Anthony Fauci developed therapies for formerly fatal diseases such as polyarteritis nodosa, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, and lymphomatoid granulomatosis.
Anthony Fauci discovered how to re-dose cancer drugs in a way that turned a 98 percent mortality rate of the disorder vasculitis into a 93 percent remission rate.
Anthony Fauci has contributed to the understanding of how HIV destroys the body's natural defense system, progressing to AIDS.
Anthony Fauci has outlined the mechanisms of induction of HIV expression by endogenous cytokines.
Anthony Fauci has worked to develop strategies for the therapy and immune reconstitution of patients with the disease, as well as for a vaccine to prevent HIV infection.
Anthony Fauci, who had become the institute's director in 1984, bore the brunt of the anger from the LGBTQ+ community who were largely ignored by the government.
Anthony Fauci called him an "incompetent idiot" and a "pill-pushing" tool of the medical establishment.
Anthony Fauci did not have control over drug approval though many people felt he was not doing enough.
Anthony Fauci did make an effort in the late 1980s to reach out to the LGBTQ+ community in New York and San Francisco to find ways he and the NIAID could find a solution.
Anthony Fauci was praised for engaging with AIDS advocates, and he helped to make experimental AIDS treatments more accessible.
Anthony Fauci's most notorious error was a 1983 paper suggesting "routine close contact, as within a family household," might spread the disease, but it was an understandable mistake given what was known at the time and he corrected it within a year, lightning speed by the standards of academic publishing.
Anthony Fauci had not met with Trump until three years after he was inaugurated as president.
Anthony Fauci was a member of the White House Coronavirus Task Force established in late January 2020, under President Donald Trump, to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic.
Anthony Fauci became a de facto public health spokesperson for the office of the president during the pandemic, and a strong advocate for ongoing social distancing efforts in the United States.
Anthony Fauci's shifting advice on wearing face masks drew criticism, which Anthony Fauci responded to by arguing that changes in policy were necessary as scientists learned more about COVID-19.
Anthony Fauci's comments were met with a hostile response from former Republican congressional candidate DeAnna Lorraine.
Anthony Fauci was criticized by right-wing pundits and received death threats that necessitated a security detail.
In July 2020, Anthony Fauci advised the public to "avoid crowds of any type".
On July 6,2020, Anthony Fauci spoke on a Facebook livestream, offering his opinion that the country's situation pertaining to COVID-19 "is really not good", pointing to more than 55,000 new cases on July 4,2020.
Anthony Fauci said the United States was "still knee-deep in the first wave" of cases, and was experiencing a "resurgence of infections".
In October 2020, Anthony Fauci objected after his words, "I can't imagine that anybody could be doing more" were featured in an advertisement from the Trump campaign touting Trump's handling of the pandemic.
Anthony Fauci said he did not consent to the ad, his words were taken out of context, and he had never made a political endorsement in his career.
On October 18,2020, Anthony Fauci mentioned that he "wasn't surprised" Donald Trump contracted COVID-19.
On January 23,2021, Anthony Fauci was quoted saying that letting the science speak on the pandemic got him "into a little bit of trouble" and got "push-back from people in the White House, including the president", during the Trump administration.
Anthony Fauci pictured Biden's administration as committed to being "completely transparent, open and honest".
Anthony Fauci was involved in the development of the Biden administration's plan for a nationwide COVID-19 vaccine rollout.
In early April 2021, Anthony Fauci said of the current situation in the United States that "It's almost a race between getting people vaccinated and this surge that seems to want to increase".
In mid-May 2021, Anthony Fauci said that Americans who are fully vaccinated against COVID-19 no longer need to wear masks outdoors, except for in "completely crowded situations".
In May 2021, Anthony Fauci denied that the National Institutes of Health supported "gain-of-function research" at the Wuhan Institute of Virology.
On June 22,2021, Anthony Fauci said that the SARS-CoV-2 Delta variant is the "greatest threat" to eliminating COVID-19 in the United States.
In March 2022, Anthony Fauci said that the United States should expect an increase in COVID-19 cases from the BA.
On May 15,2022, Anthony Fauci said that he would resign if Donald Trump wins the 2024 US presidential election.
Anthony Fauci told Politico he is seeking to "help repair the widespread partisan polarization that has divided the nation and politicized science".
In 1985, Anthony Fauci married Christine Grady, a nurse and bioethicist with the NIH, after they met while treating a patient.
On June 15,2022, Anthony Fauci tested positive for COVID-19, experiencing mild symptoms.
Anthony Fauci is fully vaccinated and has received two booster shots.
Anthony Fauci says he is an independent nonpartisan and his voter registration shows that he is not affiliated with any political party, although he still votes.
Anthony Fauci is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the National Academy of Medicine, the American Philosophical Society, and the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, as well as other numerous professional societies including the American Society for Clinical Investigation, the Infectious Diseases Society of America, and the American Association of Immunologists.
Anthony Fauci serves on the editorial boards of many scientific journals, and as an author, coauthor, or editor of more than 1,000 scientific publications, including several textbooks.
On March 23,2021, Anthony Fauci was admitted as an honorary fellow of the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland.
Anthony Fauci has served as one of the principal editors of Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, named on the front cover, from the 11th edition published in 1986, and on through the 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th version, and latest 21st edition, published in 2022.
Anthony Fauci was the editor-in-chief of the 14th and 17th editions.