11 Facts About Antiochus Kantemir


Antiochus or Antioch Kantemir or Cantemir was a Moldavian who served as a man of letters, diplomat, and prince during the Russian Enlightenment.

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Antiochus Kantemir was the son of Demetrius by his wife, the Princess Kassandra Cantacuzene, who claimed descent from the Byzantine dynasty of the same name.

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Antiochus Kantemir spent much of his youth in Constantinople as a hostage to the Turks.

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Antiochus Kantemir served as the Russian ambassador at London from 1731 to 1736, when he was relocated to Paris to serve as Russia's minister plenipotentiary to the Kingdom of France.

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Antiochus Kantemir died a bachelor in Paris amid litigation concerning his illegitimate children.

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Antiochus Kantemir produced a tract on old Russian versification in 1744 and numerous odes and fables.

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Antiochus Kantemir edited his father's History of the Growth and Decay of the Ottoman Empire in England and wrote a biography and bibliography of his father which later accompanied its 1756 edition.

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Antiochus Kantemir's 1742 Letters on Nature and Man was a philosophical work.

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Antiochus Kantemir is best remembered for his satires in the manner of Juvenal, including To My Mind: On Those Who Blame Education and On the Envy and Pride of Evil-Minded Courtiers, which were among the first such works in the Russian language.

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Antiochus Kantemir translated Horace and Anacreon into Russian, as well as Algarotti's Dialogues on Light and Colors.

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Antiochus Kantemir translated De Fontenelle's Conversations on the Plurality of Worlds, in 1730.

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