85 Facts About Anwar Ibrahim


Anwar Ibrahim has served as Member of Parliament for Port Dickson since October 2018 and for Permatang Pauh from 1982 to 2015.

FactSnippet No. 754,156

Anwar Ibrahim served as Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia and in many other Cabinet positions under former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad from 1982 to 1998.

FactSnippet No. 754,157

Anwar Ibrahim started his political career as one of the founders of youth organisation Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia .

FactSnippet No. 754,158

Anwar Ibrahim was Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia and Finance Minister during the 1990s and was prominent in Malaysia's response to the 1997 Asian financial crisis.

FactSnippet No. 754,159

Anwar Ibrahim was jailed in April 1999 after a trial for sodomy and corruption that was criticised by human rights groups and several foreign governments, until his release in 2004 after his conviction was overturned.

FactSnippet No. 754,160

Anwar Ibrahim made a comeback as Leader of the Opposition from 2008 to 2015 and was prominent coalescing opposition parties into the Pakatan Rakyat coalition, which unsuccessfully contested in the 2008 and 2013 general elections.

FactSnippet No. 754,161

Anwar Ibrahim disputed the results of the 2013 elections and led a protest in response.

FactSnippet No. 754,162

Mahathir outlined a plan for Anwar Ibrahim to take over from himself as Prime Minister after an unspecified interim period.

FactSnippet No. 754,163

Anwar Ibrahim received a royal pardon from Yang di-Pertuan Agong Muhammad V and was released from prison.

FactSnippet No. 754,164

Anwar Ibrahim returned to parliament in the 2018 Port Dickson by-election while his wife Wan Azizah Wan Ismail served as the Deputy Prime Minister in the PH administration.

FactSnippet No. 754,165

Anwar Ibrahim has long been an advocate for Islamic democracy and for reforms to Malaysia's political system.

FactSnippet No. 754,166

Outside of politics, Anwar Ibrahim has held positions at various academic institutions.

FactSnippet No. 754,167

Anwar bin Ibrahim was born in Cherok Tok Kun, Bukit Mertajam, Penang, Malaya.

FactSnippet No. 754,168

Anwar Ibrahim's mother, Che Yan binti Hussein, was a housewife active in UMNO grassroots politics in Penang.

FactSnippet No. 754,169

Anwar Ibrahim undertook his secondary education at the Malay College Kuala Kangsar.

FactSnippet No. 754,170

Anwar Ibrahim was educated at the University of Malaya, where he got a bachelor's degree in Malay Studies, and worked on his Masters in Literature through the National University of Malaysia while in prison from 1974 to 1975.

FactSnippet No. 754,171

From 1968 to 1971, as a student, Anwar Ibrahim was the president of the National Union of Malaysian Muslim Students.

FactSnippet No. 754,172

In 1974, Anwar Ibrahim was arrested during student protests against rural poverty and hunger.

FactSnippet No. 754,173

Anwar Ibrahim was imprisoned under the Internal Security Act, which allows for detention without trial, and spent 20 months in the Kamunting Detention Centre.

FactSnippet No. 754,174

Anwar Ibrahim is the co-founder of the International Institute of Islamic Thought in the USA .

FactSnippet No. 754,175

Anwar Ibrahim has been one of 4 acting directors, a board member of IIIT and a trustee.

FactSnippet No. 754,176

Anwar Ibrahim was a chancellor of International Islamic University Kuala Lumpur between 1983 and 1988.

FactSnippet No. 754,177

In 1982, Anwar Ibrahim, who was the founding leader and second president of an Islamic youth organisation called Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia, by joining the United Malays National Organisation, led by Mahathir Mohamad, who had become prime minister in 1981.

FactSnippet No. 754,178

Anwar Ibrahim rapidly rose to high-ranking positions; his first ministerial office was that of Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports in 1983; after that, he headed the Agriculture Ministry in 1984 before becoming Minister of Education in 1986.

FactSnippet No. 754,179

In 1988, Anwar Ibrahim became the second President of International Islamic University of Malaysia.

FactSnippet No. 754,180

Anwar Ibrahim backed free-market principles and highlighted the proximity of business and politics in Malaysia.

FactSnippet No. 754,181

Anwar Ibrahim advocated greater accountability, refused to offer government bail-outs and instituted widespread spending cuts.

FactSnippet No. 754,182

In March 1998, Anwar Ibrahim was selected as the Chairman of the Development Committee of World Bank and International Monetary Fund from March 1998 until September 1998.

FactSnippet No. 754,183

In May 1997, Mahathir had appointed Anwar Ibrahim to be acting Prime Minister while he took a two-month holiday.

FactSnippet No. 754,184

In Mahathir's absence, Anwar Ibrahim had independently taken radical steps, which directly conflicted with Mahathir's policies, to change the country's governing mechanisms.

FactSnippet No. 754,185

Anwar Ibrahim obtained a court injunction to prevent further distribution of the book and filed a lawsuit against the author for defamation.

FactSnippet No. 754,186

On 2 September 1998, Anwar Ibrahim was fired from the Cabinet, and many reports state that he was under investigation for sodomy, an act that is illegal in Malaysia.

FactSnippet No. 754,187

In what the Sydney Morning Herald termed a "blatantly political fix-up", Anwar Ibrahim was arrested on 20 September 1998 and detained without trial under the country's controversial Internal Security Act .

FactSnippet No. 754,188

Weeks later, Anwar Ibrahim was charged with corruption for allegedly interfering with the police investigation of him.

FactSnippet No. 754,189

Anwar Ibrahim made a public apology to Anwar and paid undisclosed damages.

FactSnippet No. 754,190

Anwar Ibrahim denied having anything to do with the mattress, although the DNA tests came out positive.

FactSnippet No. 754,191

Federal Court overturned his conviction and Anwar Ibrahim was finally released from solitary confinement on 2 September 2004.

FactSnippet No. 754,192

Shortly after Anwar Ibrahim was dismissed as deputy prime minister by the then prime minister Mahathir Mohamad, Anwar Ibrahim and his supporters initiated the Reformasi movement.

FactSnippet No. 754,193

In 1999, Anwar Ibrahim brought suit against Prime Minister Mahathir for defamation for allegedly uttering accusations of immoral acts and calling Anwar Ibrahim a homosexual at a news conference in Malaysia.

FactSnippet No. 754,194

However, on 15 September, the Court of Appeal ruled unanimously that its previous decision to uphold a High Court ruling that found Anwar Ibrahim guilty was in order, relegating Anwar Ibrahim to the sidelines of Malaysian politics until 14 April 2008.

FactSnippet No. 754,195

The only way for Anwar Ibrahim to be freed from this stricture would have been for him to receive a pardon from the Yang di-Pertuan Agong.

FactSnippet No. 754,196

In July 2006, Anwar Ibrahim was elected Chair of the Washington-based Foundation For the Future.

FactSnippet No. 754,197

Anwar Ibrahim was one of the signatories of "A Common Word Between Us and You" in 2007, an open letter by Islamic scholars to Christian leaders, calling for peace and understanding.

FactSnippet No. 754,198

In November 2006, Anwar Ibrahim announced he planned to run for Parliament in 2008 after his disqualification expired.

FactSnippet No. 754,199

Anwar Ibrahim was critical of government policies after his release from prison, most notably the controversial New Economic Policy, which provided affirmative action for the Bumiputras.

FactSnippet No. 754,200

Anwar Ibrahim was at the forefront in organising a November 2007 mass rally, called the 2007 Bersih Rally, which took place at Dataran Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur, to demand clean and fair elections.

FactSnippet No. 754,201

On 14 April 2008, Anwar Ibrahim celebrated his official return to the political stage, as his ban from public office expired a decade after he was fired as Deputy Prime Minister.

FactSnippet No. 754,202

Anwar Ibrahim was victorious in the Permatang Pauh by-election held on 26 August 2008.

FactSnippet No. 754,203

On 28 August 2008, Anwar Ibrahim, dressed in a dark blue traditional Malay outfit and black "songkok" hat, took the oath at the main chamber of Parliament house in Kuala Lumpur, as MP for Permatang Pauh at 10.

FactSnippet No. 754,204

Anwar Ibrahim formally declared Anwar the leader of the 3-party opposition alliance.

FactSnippet No. 754,205

On 26 August 2008, Anwar Ibrahim won re-election in the Permatang Pauh by-election and returned to Parliament as Leader of the Opposition.

FactSnippet No. 754,206

Anwar Ibrahim has stated the need for liberalisation, including an independent judiciary and free media, to combat the endemic corruption that he considers pushes Malaysia close to failed state status.

FactSnippet No. 754,207

Anwar Ibrahim continued to attack Najib on his first day as prime minister, stating he found inconsistencies in the latter's decision to release 13 Internal Security Act detainees.

FactSnippet No. 754,208

Anwar Ibrahim said as long as the ISA existed, Barisan Nasional could still detain citizens at will.

FactSnippet No. 754,209

Anwar Ibrahim has made numerous remarks about a supposed conspiracy among the Malaysian government, APCO, Israel, and the United States.

FactSnippet No. 754,210

Anwar Ibrahim condemned the Malaysian government for seeking advice from APCO.

FactSnippet No. 754,211

Anwar Ibrahim further implied that changes in Malaysian foreign policy could only be explained if Jews were manipulating Malaysia for the United States.

FactSnippet No. 754,212

On 22 April 2010 Anwar Ibrahim was censured by Malaysia's parliament for remarks he made during a press conference in parliament on 30 March 2010.

FactSnippet No. 754,213

However Anwar Ibrahim retaliated against the Malaysian government attacks by producing two documents to support his claims of links between APCO and 1Malaysia.

FactSnippet No. 754,214

Anwar Ibrahim has missed several deadlines he personally set for the transfer of power.

FactSnippet No. 754,215

Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi too pointed out that Anwar Ibrahim had missed his own deadline, and dismissed his claim to have secured the defection of 30 MPs.

FactSnippet No. 754,216

On 24 October 2008, Anwar Ibrahim admitted problems with his stalled bid to topple the UMNO's majority, saying that Pakatan Rakyat is running out of options to create a majority.

FactSnippet No. 754,217

Anwar Ibrahim said that he would step down from politics if his team did not win the election.

FactSnippet No. 754,218

Al Jazeera reported that Anwar Ibrahim came close to winning the election on 5 May 2013 but refused to admit defeat, and therefore did not step down.

FactSnippet No. 754,219

On 7 May 2013, Anwar Ibrahim vowed to lead a "fierce movement" to reform the country's electoral system and challenge the results of an election he lost.

FactSnippet No. 754,220

Anwar Ibrahim immediately launched electoral petitions for over 30 disputed parliamentary seats in July 2013.

FactSnippet No. 754,221

Anwar Ibrahim's candidacy was originally to propel him to become Selangor's Menteri Besar.

FactSnippet No. 754,222

Anwar Ibrahim was able to continue using the "Datuk Seri" title because it had been conferred on him by several other Malaysian states.

FactSnippet No. 754,223

Anwar Ibrahim said that the possibility of a prison sentence as a result of the allegations could be seen as an attempt to remove him from the leadership of the opposition following his growing support and by-election victories.

FactSnippet No. 754,224

Anwar Ibrahim reaffirmed his innocence and cited evidence in the form of medical reports.

FactSnippet No. 754,225

The decision came as Anwar Ibrahim was preparing to contest a by-election on 23 March 2014, which he was expected to win.

FactSnippet No. 754,226

Anwar Ibrahim was sent immediately to Sungai Buloh Prison, Selangor, to serve the sentence.

FactSnippet No. 754,227

Anwar Ibrahim was designated to take over the reins from interim Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad as planned and agreed by the coalition before GE14.

FactSnippet No. 754,228

Anwar Ibrahim added that he was keen to travel and honour speaking engagements.

FactSnippet No. 754,229

Anwar Ibrahim indicated that he initially had reservations about Mahathir's "reconciliation efforts", but he eventually forgave his former enemy after Mahathir showed "compassion and concern which thought was absent in the past".

FactSnippet No. 754,230

Anwar Ibrahim contested in the Port Dickson by-election, dubbed as PD Move which was set to allow him to return to Parliament.

FactSnippet No. 754,231

Anwar Ibrahim won with an increased majority, albeit with a lower turnout, and returned to parliament again after 3 years of absence.

FactSnippet No. 754,232

In September 2020, Anwar Ibrahim claimed to have gathered support from a "formidable" majority of MP's for his appointment as Prime Minister.

FactSnippet No. 754,233

Anwar Ibrahim has advocated for Islamic democracy, and has expressed hope that Malaysia be an example for democratic practices in the Muslim world.

FactSnippet No. 754,234

Anwar Ibrahim has called for judicial independence, good governance and rejection of authoritarianism.

FactSnippet No. 754,235

Later, Anwar Ibrahim clarified his stance; he said that the remarks were consistent with the two-state solution adopted by the United Nations that is accepted by the Arab world, as well as Malaysia and Hamas.

FactSnippet No. 754,236

In 2018, Anwar Ibrahim called for people of all faith to oppose efforts to recognise LGBT people from what he called "super liberals".

FactSnippet No. 754,237

Anwar Ibrahim said "religious people from all races and faiths and society should rise up and say that the majority opposes LGBT tendencies and their ideas, as they force all of society to accept them".

FactSnippet No. 754,238

Anwar Ibrahim is married to former Deputy Prime Minister Wan Azizah Wan Ismail on 26 February 1980, and they have five daughters and a son.

FactSnippet No. 754,239

Anwar Ibrahim's eldest daughter, Nurul Izzah Anwar, is an MP for Permatang Pauh.

FactSnippet No. 754,240