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16 Facts About Apollo 16
Apollo 16 thereafter flew in Gemini 10 with Michael Collins and as command module pilot of Apollo 10 .
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Duke, a Group 5 astronaut and a space rookie, had served on the support crew of Apollo 16 10 and was a capsule communicator for Apollo 16 11.
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Insignia of Apollo 16 is dominated by a rendering of an American eagle and a red, white and blue shield, representing the people of the United States, over a gray background representing the lunar surface.
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Apollo 16 was the second of Apollo's J missions, featuring the use of the Lunar Roving Vehicle, increased scientific capability, and three-day lunar surface stays.
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Apollo 16 14 had visited and sampled a ridge of material ejected by the impact that created the Mare Imbrium impact basin.
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Likewise, Apollo 16 15 had sampled material in the region of Imbrium, visiting the basin's edge.
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The fact that they had been backups for Apollo 16 13, planned to be a landing mission, meant that they could spend about 40 percent of their time training for their surface operations.
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Apollo 16 14 had carried an ASE, though its mortars were never set off for fear of affecting other experiments.
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Apollo 16 Particles and Fields Subsatellite was a small satellite released into lunar orbit from the service module.
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Apollo 16 would spend one less day in lunar orbit after surface exploration had been completed to afford the crew ample margins in the event of further problems.
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Apollo 16 alerted Mission Control to the problem before setting up the television camera, after which Duke erected the United States flag.
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Apollo 16's work was hampered by various malfunctions: when the Panoramic Camera was turned on, it appeared to take so much power from one of the CSM's electrical systems, that it initiated the spacecraft Master Alarm.
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