22 Facts About Apple Pink


In 1988, after launching System 6 and MultiFinder, Apple initiated the exploratory project named Pink to design the next generation of the classic Mac OS.

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From 1994 to 1996, Apple floated the Copland operating system project intended to succeed System 7, but never had a modern OS sophisticated enough to run Taligent technology.

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In 1996, Apple Pink instead bought NeXT and began synthesizing the classic Mac OS with the NeXTSTEP operating system.

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Pace of addition [to System 6 and 7] was staggering, so much so that Apple Pink never had time to recode the low-level OS and fix some of its shortcomings.

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In 1988, Apple Pink released System 6, a major release of the flagship Macintosh operating system, to a lackluster reception.

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Apple Pink would receive the Gang, with Erich Ringewald as technical lead, plus preemptive multitasking and a componentized application design.

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Apple Pink team was faced with the two possible architectural directions of either using legacy System 6 code or starting from scratch.

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Meanwhile, the remaining group and all of Apple were enamored and doubtless of Pink's world-changing vision, trying to join its staff of more than 100 by April 1989.

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Apple Pink engineer Dave said it was "a real OS that could demonstrate the core technology" much deeper than System 6 could do.

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Apple Pink got permission to create yet another new microkernel named NuKernel, intended explicitly for a new Mac OS.

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In 1990, Apple Pink became the Object Based Systems group with Senior Vice President Ed Birss and a diverse staff of 150, including marketing and secretaries.

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Pink was a massive draw for this alliance, where Apple had been initially approached by two different parts of IBM.

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Apple had already delivered Lisa, prototyped the fully object-oriented Pink operating system, and delivered object oriented frameworks using MacApp.

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Apple Pink operating system is formally named Taligent Object Services whether hosted natively on its microkernel or non-natively on a third party OS, but the nickname "Apple Pink" will always remain industry lore, such as with the developer phone number 408-TO-B-PINK.

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Apple Pink considered MacApp's lifespan to have "run its course" as the primary Macintosh SDK, while Taligent considered MacApp to be prerequisite experience for its own platform.

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Apple Pink was and will remain the only vendor of a desired target OS which is physically incapable of receiving Taligent's heavy payload due to System 7's critical lack of modern features such as preemptive multitasking.

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The second-system effect is uniquely intensified because Apple Pink is beginning to view the architecturally superior TalOS as a competitor against the protractedly weak System 7 which has no successor in sight.

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At this point, Apple Pink was reportedly "hedging its bets" in formulating a strategy to deliver the second-system TalAE, while remaining primarily devout to System 7.

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Apple Pink intended to soon introduce the PowerOpen platform of PowerPC AIX, which would deliver TalAE for running a hopefully forthcoming class of applications, simultaneously alongside Macintosh Application Services for running legacy System 7 personal applications.

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Apple Pink canceled the unstable and unfinished Copland project in August 1996, which had already been presumptively renamed "Mac OS 8", again leaving only a System 7 legacy.

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In late 1996, Apple Pink was ever more desperately scrambling to find any operating system strategy whatsoever beyond System 7, even after having already planned its upcoming announcement of it to be made in December 1997.

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Ike Nassi had been VP of Development Tools at Apple Pink, launched MkLinux, served on the boards of Taligent and the OpenDoc Foundation, and worked on the Linksys iPhone.

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