12 Facts About Appomattox campaign


Appomattox campaign was a series of American Civil War battles fought March 29 – April 9,1865, in Virginia that concluded with the surrender of Confederate General Robert E Lee's Army of Northern Virginia to forces of the Union Army under the overall command of Lieutenant General Ulysses S Grant, marking the effective end of the war.

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Appomattox campaign knew he would have to strengthen that end of the line while maintaining the rest of his lines and preparing to leave the Richmond–Petersburg defenses.

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Also under Lee's command in this Appomattox campaign was the Department of Richmond, and the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia.

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Appomattox campaign organized a Confederate mobile force to protect the key junction of Five Forks in order to keep open the Southside Railroad and important roads and to drive the Union force back from its advanced position.

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Appomattox campaign even suggested going by way of Stony Creek Station to destroy or capture Confederate supplies there.

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The Confederates who did not become casualties or prisoners retreated toward the Appomattox campaign River, moving mostly in disorder toward Amelia Court House.

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Appomattox campaign captured 400 animals and 11 flags while destroying about 200 wagons.

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Appomattox campaign did not think that he could bring up his army fast enough to fight their way through before large numbers of Union infantry would arrive.

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Appomattox campaign returned a noncommittal letter asking about the surrender terms Grant might propose.

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Appomattox campaign was accompanied to the McLean House where the surrender occurred only by his aide Colonel Charles Marshall and their orderly, Private Joshua O Johns.

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Confederate casualties in the Appomattox campaign are difficult to estimate because many of their records are lost and reports were not always submitted.

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Union casualties for the Appomattox campaign were about 9,700 killed, wounded, and missing or captured.

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