24 Facts About Arcangelo Corelli


Arcangelo Corelli was an Italian composer and violinist of the Baroque era.

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Arcangelo Corelli's music was key in the development of the modern genres of sonata and concerto, in establishing the preeminence of the violin, and as the first coalescing of modern tonality and functional harmony.

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Arcangelo Corelli was trained in Bologna and Rome, and in this city he developed most of his career, due to the protection of great patrons.

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Arcangelo Corelli's writing was admired for its balance, refinement, sumptuous and original harmonies, for the richness of the textures, for the majestic effect of the theatricality and for its clear, expressive and melodious polyphony, a perfect quality of classical ideals, although belonging to the baroque epoch and often employing resources typical of this school, such as the exploration of dynamic and expressive contrasts, but always tempered by a great sense of moderation.

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Arcangelo Corelli was the first to fully apply, with an expressive and structuring purpose, the new tonal system, consolidated after at least two hundred years of experimentation.

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Arcangelo Corelli was known in his time as "the new Orpheus", "the prince of musicians" and other similar adjectives, great folklore was generated around his figure and his fame did not diminish after his death.

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Arcangelo Corelli's ancestors had been in Fusignano and land-owners there since 1506, when a Corelli moved to the area from Rome.

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Chronicles of the Accademia Filarmonica of Bologna indicate that Arcangelo Corelli was accepted as a member by 1670, at the exceptionally young age of seventeen.

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In 1687 Arcangelo Corelli led the festival performances of music for Queen Christina of Sweden.

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Arcangelo Corelli was a favorite of Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni, grandnephew of another Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni, who in 1689 became Pope Alexander VIII.

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In 1706 Arcangelo Corelli was elected a member of the Pontificia Accademia degli Arcadi .

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Arcangelo Corelli's visit to Naples, at the invitation of the king, took place in the same year.

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The style of execution introduced by Arcangelo Corelli and preserved by his pupils, such as Francesco Geminiani, Pietro Locatelli, Pietro Castrucci, Francesco Antonio Bonporti, Giovanni Stefano Carbonelli, Francesco Gasparini, and others, was of vital importance for the development of violin playing.

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However, Arcangelo Corelli used only a limited portion of his instrument's capabilities.

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The story has been told and retold that Arcangelo Corelli refused to play a passage that extended to A in altissimo in the overture to Handel's oratorio The Triumph of Time and Truth .

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Arcangelo Corelli's influence was not confined to his own country: his works were key in the development of the music of an entire generation of composers, including Antonio Vivaldi, Georg Friedrich Handel, Johann Sebastian Bach and Francois Couperin, as well as many others.

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Arcangelo Corelli was received in the highest circles of the aristocracy, and for a long time presided at the celebrated Monday concerts in the palace of Cardinal Ottoboni.

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Arcangelo Corelli left both to his benefactor and friend, who generously made over the money to Corelli's relatives.

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Arcangelo Corelli's music developed from the Renaissance polyphony, but was characterized by a transition towards greater independence between the voices.

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Arcangelo Corelli's works were the result of long and thoughtful planning, and were published only after careful and multiple revisions.

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Arcangelo Corelli was rigid in the choice of genres to deal with: the trio sonata, the sonata for solo instrument and the concerto grosso.

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Arcangelo Corelli left no works for voice, but his compositions reveal a strong influence of vocal music in their expressiveness, as well as in the treatment of polyphony.

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Arcangelo Corelli's style has long been praised as paradigmatic for its clarity and its sober and expressive melodism, the quintessence of Arcadian good taste.

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Arcangelo Corelli composed 48 trio sonatas, 12 violin and continuo sonatas, and 12 concerti grossi.

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