28 Facts About Augsburg


Augsburg is a city in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany, around 50 kilometres west of Bavarian capital Munich.

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Augsburg is an urban district and home to the institutions of the Landkreis Augsburg.

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Augsburg is surrounded by the counties Landkreis Augsburg in the west and Aichach-Friedberg in the east.

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Suburbs of Augsburg are Friedberg, Konigsbrunn, Stadtbergen, Neusaß, Gersthofen, Diedorf.

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In 120 AD Augsburg became the administrative capital of the Roman province Raetia.

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Augsburg was sacked by the Huns in the 5th century AD, by Charlemagne in the 8th century, and by Welf I, Duke of Bavaria in the 11th century.

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Augsburg was granted the status of a Free Imperial City on 9 March 1276 and from then until 1803, it was independent of its former overlord, the Prince-Bishop of Augsburg.

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Frictions between the city-state and the prince-bishops were to remain frequent however, particularly after Augsburg became Protestant and curtailed the rights and freedoms of Catholics.

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Augsburg produced large quantities of woven goods, cloth and textiles.

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Augsburg became the base of two banking families that rose to great prominence, the Fuggers and the Welsers.

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In 1530, the Augsburg Confession was presented to the Holy Roman Emperor at the Diet of Augsburg.

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Augsburg was a major manufacturing center for textiles, armor, scientific instruments, as well as gold- and silver-smithing.

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The prolific printers of Augsburg made the city the largest producer of German-language books in the Holy Roman Empire.

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Augsburg became the base of the Holbein family, starting with Hans Holbein the Elder.

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Augsburg benefitted majorly from the establishment and expansion of the Kaiserliche Reichspost in the late 15th and early 16th century.

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Augsburg attracted goldsmith journeymen from all over Europe and in the 18th century a large number of silversmiths and goldsmiths became master craftsman in Augsburg.

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In 1686 the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I formed the League of Augsburg, known as the "Grand Alliance" after England joined in 1689.

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Augsburg was historically a militarily important city due to its strategic location.

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MAN factory at Augsburg was the largest German manufacturer of engines for U-boats in World War II and became the target of the Augsburg Raid.

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Augsburg's objective was to meet the Duke of Hamilton in an attempt to mediate the end of the European front of World War II and join sides for the upcoming Russian Campaign.

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Reichswehr Infanterie Regiment 19 was stationed in Augsburg and became the base unit for the Wehrmacht Infanterie Regiment 40, a subsection of the Wehrmacht Infanterie Division 27 .

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Current mayor of Augsburg is Eva Weber of the Christian Social Union since 2020.

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Water systems of Augsburg have been the site of innovations in hydraulic engineering for centuries.

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Augsburg was built on top of an aquifer fed by the Lech and Wertach rivers, which provided purified groundwater that ran through the city through springs and streams.

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In 1545, Augsburg was one of the first European towns to separate drinking water from water used for industry, effectively preventing water-borne diseases.

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Augsburg has seven stations, the Central Station, Hochzoll, Oberhausen, Haunstetterstraße, Morellstraße, Messe and Inningen.

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FC Augsburg is a football team based in Augsburg and plays in the WWK ARENA to the south of the city centre.

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FC Augsburg secured promotion to Bundesliga in 2011 and have remained there ever since, qualifying for the Europa League for the first time in 2015 and securing mid-table finishes across the last few seasons.

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