13 Facts About Autonomous communities


Autonomous communities are governed according to the constitution and their own organic laws known as Statutes of Autonomy, which define the powers that they assume.

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Constitution explicitly established that the institutional framework for these Autonomous communities would be a parliamentary system, with a Legislative Assembly elected by universal suffrage, a cabinet or "council of government", a president of such a council, elected by the Assembly, and a High Court of Justice.

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Once the autonomous communities were created, Article 145 prohibits the "federation of autonomous communities".

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Creation of the autonomous communities was a diverse process, that started with the constitution, was normalized with the autonomic pacts and was completed with the Statutes of Autonomy.

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Autonomous communities state appears to have come full circle, with reproaches from all sides.

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Catalonia Navarre

The structure of the autonomous communities is determined both by the devolution allowed by the constitution and the powers assumed in their respective Statutes of Autonomy.

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All autonomous communities have a parliamentary system based on a division of powers comprising:.

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The majority of the Autonomous communities have approved regional electoral laws within the limits set up by the laws for the entire country.

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All autonomous communities have the power to manage their own finances in the way they see fit, and are responsible for the administration of education—school and universities—health and social services and cultural and urban development.

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How the Autonomous communities are financed has been one of the most contentious aspects in their relationship with the central government.

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In essence, fiscal equalization implies that richer Autonomous communities become net contributors to the system, while poorer Autonomous communities become net recipients.

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The Statutes of Autonomy of the respective autonomous communities have declared Basque the language proper to the Basque Country and Navarre, Catalan the language proper to Catalonia, the Balearic Islands and the Valencian Community—where it is historically, traditionally and officially known as Valencian—and Galician to be the language proper to Galicia.

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In those seven autonomous communities formed by a single province, the provincial councils have been replaced by the communities' institutions of government; in fact, the provinces themselves are not only coterminous with the communities, but correspond in essence to the communities themselves.

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