11 Facts About Axon reflex


Axon reflex is the response stimulated by peripheral nerves of the body that travels away from the nerve cell body and branches to stimulate target organs.

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The stimulus, therefore, is diverted to the effector organ without entering the neuronal cell body and therefore indicates that the axon reflex is not a true reflex where afferent impulses pass through the central nervous system before stimulating efferent neurons.

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Axon reflex was discovered and was described as "a new type of peripheral reflex" that bypasses the integration center and synapse in the central nervous system.

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The discovery of the axonal reflex found that the axon reflex activates local arterioles causing vasodilation and muscle contraction.

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The axon reflex is possible through the transmission of signals from the cutaneous receptors on the skin.

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Axon reflex was discovered by Kovalevskiy and Sokovnin, two Russian scientists in 1873.

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Physiologically, the axon reflex helps to maintain homeostasis, or regulation of the body's internal environment in response to the changing external environment, ensuring the internal environment is stable and relatively constant.

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The axon reflex responds to external changes in temperature, chemical concentration, and air composition.

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Examples of axon reflex mediated mechanisms include itching, inflammation, pain, asthma, and dermal circulation.

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Axon reflex allows muscles to contract in the shortest amount of time possible by regulating the signal conduction in the neuromuscular junction.

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The axon reflex is the spread of this impulse from the main axon to nearby blood vessels in the stimulated area of the skin.

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