14 Facts About Azcapotzalco


Municipality of Azcapotzalco is in the Valley of Mexico with its eastern half on the lakebed of the former Lake Texcoco and the west on more solid ground.

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Originally the town of Azcapotzalco consisted of neighborhoods from the pre-Hispanic period.

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Azcapotzalco educated himself and is considered an expert in the pre-Hispanic history and archeology of the area.

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The industrial zone in Azcapotzalco is one of the most important in the Federal District.

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Azcapotzalco is one of the city most crowded municipalities, mostly due to the large apartment complexes, but the decline in population has alleviated this somewhat.

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Azcapotzalco is ranked 9th of 16 municipalities in reported crime which is often associated with gangs and the use of drugs.

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Around 200 BCE, the Teotihuacan civilization arose and the Azcapotzalco area rose in importance as well, being in the empire's political and cultural sphere.

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When Teotihuacan waned in 800 CE, the Azcapotzalco area remained important as a center of that culture, becoming an important ceremonial center.

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Azcapotzalco married a daughter of Xolotl of Tenayuca and then moved the capital of the dominion to what is the historic center of Azcapotzalco, on the edge of what was Lake Texcoco.

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Azcapotzalco allowed the Mexica to settle on Tepaneca lands, founding Tenochtitlan, in exchange for tribute and military service.

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In 1709, Azcapotzalco was formed by 27 communities, divided into six haciendas and nine ranches.

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When it became part of the Federal District of Mexico City in 1854, Azcapotzalco was classified as a town as part of the Guadalupe municipality but in 1899 it became the head of its own municipality.

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The town of Azcapotzalco was still separate from Mexico City by about two leagues.

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Azcapotzalco holds one of the oldest continuous annual pilgrimages to the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe, which has been done for over 475 years.

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