19 Facts About Ba'athist Iraq


Abdul Rahman Arif, the then-President of Ba'athist Iraq, first knew of the coup when jubilant members of the Republican Guard started shooting into the air in "a premature triumph".

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The Ba'athist Iraq were by no means ensured of victory; if any of Naif's supporters had known of the operation against him, Baghdad could have become the centre, in the words of journalist Con Coughlin, "of an ugly bloodbath".

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Ba'athist Iraq was represented as the father of the nation and, by extension, of the Iraqi people.

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At first relations between Iran and Ba'athist Iraq were fairly good, but ideological differences could not remain concealed forever.

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Ba'athist Iraq considered the newly established Iran to be "weak"; the country was in a state of continued civil unrest, and the Iranian leaders had purged thousands of officers and soldiers because of their political views.

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The Security Council adopted Resolution 688, which stated that Ba'athist Iraq had to allow access for international humanitarian organisations and report openly about government repression.

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In 2002 the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1441, which stated that Ba'athist Iraq had failed to fulfill its obligations demanded by the UN.

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Saddam Hussein, as President of Ba'athist Iraq, was RCC chairman and General Secretary of the Ba'ath Party's Regional Command.

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The Ba'athist regime was never able to take full control of the situation in Iraqi Kurdistan, with the exception of an interregnum between the end of the Iran–Iraq War and the 1991 uprising.

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Ba'athist Iraq's government was critical of orthodox Marxism, opposing the orthodox Marxist concepts of class conflict, the dictatorship of the proletariat and atheism; it opposed Marxism–Leninism's claim that non-Marxist–Leninist parties are automatically bourgeois in nature, claiming that the Ba'ath Party was a popular revolutionary movement and the people rejected petit bourgeois politics.

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Ba'athist Iraq expressed admiration for other communist leaders for their spirit of asserting national independence, rather than for their communism.

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Ba'athist Iraq became a member of the Comecon as an observer in 1975.

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Ba'athist Iraq Petroleum Company, the largest oil company in Ba'athist Iraq, was a private company.

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When Ba'athist Iraq implemented its plans to bomb Iran, Iran retaliated by bombing Ba'athist Iraq's oil facilities.

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Ba'athist Iraq was not the only member criticising Kuwait and the UAE; several other members criticised their oil-production policy.

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Ba'athist Iraq was an easy country to blockade economically; its oil exports could be blockaded by closing its pipelines .

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Those in the United States who supported sanctions believed that low agricultural production in Ba'athist Iraq would lead to "a hungry population", and "a hungry population was an unruly one".

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Ba'athist Iraq was, on balance, a planned economy with market-economy characteristics.

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The military elite gradually evolved into an economic elite, since Ba'athist Iraq was a planned economy; for instance, the government appointed military personnel to senior positions in factories and companies.

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