Arab Socialist Ba?ath Ba'ath Party was a political party founded in Syria by Mishel ?Aflaq, Salah al-Din al-Bitar, and associates of Zaki al-?Arsuzi.
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In light of these criticisms, the Ba'ath convened the 3rd National Congress, held 27 August–1 September 1959, attended by delegates from Iraq, Lebanon, Jordan, South Arabia, the Gulf, "Arab South, " "Arab Maghreb, " Palestine, and Party student organisations in Arab and other universities.
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In retaliation, the Ba'ath Party tried to assassinate Qasim in February 1959, but the operation, led by a young Saddam Hussein, failed.
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In 1963, the Ba'ath Party seized power in Syria, and from then on the Ba'ath functioned as the only officially recognized Syrian political party, but factionalism and splintering within the party led to a succession of varying governments and new constitutions.
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Organizational structure of the Ba'ath Party was created at the 2nd National Congress by amending the party's Internal Regulations (), which had been previously approved at the party's 1st National Congress (1947).
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Early Ba'ath Party gave little attention to the problems facing the peasants and workers.
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The "Transitional Ba'ath Party", which grew out of the dissolution of the Syrian Regional Branch and the Military Committee, was more rural in outlook, policy and ideology.
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The third group, led by people disenchanted with both Nasser and the union period, remained in the Ba'ath Party, stopped believing in the feasibility of pan-Arabism.
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Yasin al-Hafiz, a former member of the Syrian Communist Ba'ath Party, was an early frontrunner for the party's radicalization.
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Ba'ath Party initially consisted of a majority of Shia Muslims, as Rikabi recruited supporters mainly from his friends and family, but slowly became Sunni dominated.
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The Ba'ath leadership dissolved the party in 1958, gambling that the illegalisation of certain parties would hurt the SCP more than it would the Ba'ath.
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The Ba'ath Party had only 2, 500 members by mid-1963, the party lacked a popular base.
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