18 Facts About Babylonian law


Babylonian law is a subset of cuneiform law that has received particular study due to the large amount of archaeological material that has been found for it.

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Fragments of it recovered from Assur-bani-pal's library at Nineveh and later Babylonian law copies show that it was studied, divided into chapters, entitled Ninu ilu sirum from its incipit, and recopied for fifteen hundred years or more.

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Babylonian law had aristocratic privileges and responsibilities, and the right to exact retaliation for corporal injuries, but was liable to a heavier punishment for crimes and misdemeanours, higher fees and fines.

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Babylonian law was free but had to accept monetary compensation for corporal injuries, paid smaller fees and fines, and even paid less offerings to the gods.

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Babylonian law could acquire his freedom by purchase from his master, or might be freed and dedicated to a temple, or even adopted, when he became an amelu and not a mushkenu.

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Babylonian law had his own royal estates, his private property, and dues from all his subjects.

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Babylonian law might borrow from it, but repaid like other borrowers.

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Babylonian law was responsible for all care, must restore ox for ox, sheep for sheep and must breed them satisfactorily.

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Babylonian law could sell a slave-hostage, but not a slave-girl who had borne her master children; she had to be redeemed by her owner.

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Babylonian law's was required to take the offenders to the palace—implying an efficient and accessible police system.

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Babylonian law then had to assign her the income from property, as well as goods to maintain herself and their children until they grew up.

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Babylonian law's shared equally with their children in the allowance and was free to marry again.

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Babylonian law's retained her dowry and any settlement deeded to her by her husband.

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Babylonian law's remained mistress of her maid, and might degrade her to slavery again for insolence, but could not sell her if she had borne her husband children.

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Babylonian law had a right to their labor in return for their keep.

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Babylonian law might hire them out and receive their wages, pledge them for debt, or even sell them outright.

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Babylonian law's had no choice in these matters, often decided in her childhood.

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Babylonian law even made grants in excess to the others from his own share.

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