11 Facts About Baia Mare


Baia Mare is a municipality along the Sasar River, in northwestern Romania; it is the capital of Maramures County.

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Baia Mare has been named the Romanian Youth Capital from 2 May 2018 to 1 May 2019.

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Baia Mare is first mentioned in written documents released by Charles I of Hungary in 1328 under the name of Rivulus Dominarum .

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Shortly after World War II in postwar development, the town of Baia Mare started to grow both in population and inhabited area.

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On 30 January 2000, Baia Mare was the site of what has been considered Europe's worst ecological disaster since Chernobyl, which took place at gold mining company Aurul, a joint-venture of the Australian company Esmeralda Exploration and the Romanian government.

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Coat of arms of Baia Mare was granted to the city by the Government in the late 1990s, early 2000s, some years after the communist symbols established in 1968 where de facto out of use starting 1989.

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Proof of this is that the outskirts of Baia Mare are the only areas where you can find chestnut trees that usually need Mediterranean climate to grow.

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Economic activity of Baia Mare has been based on the mining activities located in the surrounding areas.

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Baia Mare has become one of the most economically evolved cities in the region.

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In Baia Mare there is one library, 6 museums, one planetarium and observatory, 2 theaters, 2 cultural centers, one art school and one popular university.

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In Baia Mare there are 23 schools, 34 kindergartens and 18 highschools.

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