14 Facts About Bazman


Bazman is a dormant stratovolcano in a remote desert region of Sistan and Baluchestan Province in south-eastern Iran.

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Bazman is a geologically young volcano which formed mainly in the Quaternary, with the oldest dated rocks being 11.

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Bazman volcano is part of a volcanic arc in southeastern Iran, the Makran volcanic arc.

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Bazman is known as Kuh-i-Zindeh, after a saint, Khizr-as-Sallam.

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Bazman has been grouped with Taftan volcano in Iran and Koh-i-Sultan in Pakistan, of which only Taftan is considered active, Kuh-e-Nader is another volcanic field in this arc.

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Bazman is considered part of a 1,700 kilometres long volcanic belt named the Urumieh-Dokhtar or Sahand-Bazman belt that extends from northwest to southeast and is accompanied by Cenozoic volcanic rocks and plutons.

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Bazman is sometimes considered to be part of a volcanic complex with the neighbouring Shahsavaran volcanic field.

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Bazman is one among about nine volcanic centres in Iran that have had Quaternary eruptions.

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Bazman volcano is 3,500 metres high, rising high above the surrounding terrain, and has steep slopes.

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Bazman has no recorded historical eruptions but fumarolic activity has been reported, as well as ongoing surface deformation.

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Hot springs containing iron and sulfur are other signs of ongoing volcanism; Bazman has been considered a potential site for development of geothermal energy, with a surface area of 8,356 square kilometres.

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Bazman volcano is constructed by dacite, but andesite has been mentioned.

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Petrological analysis at the monogenetic volcanoes around Bazman has indicated porphyritic basalts containing clinopyroxene, hornblende, olivine and plagioclase, and titanite and zircon as accessories.

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Pebbles eroded from Bazman have been transported to the terrains of the Jaz Murian depression south of Bazman.

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