24 Facts About Bern


Bern is the capital of the canton of Bern, the second-most populous of Switzerland's cantons.

FactSnippet No. 821,301

Bern was made a free imperial city in 1218 and, in 1353, it joined the Swiss Confederacy, becoming one of its eight early cantons.

FactSnippet No. 821,302

Since then, Bern became a large city-state and a prominent actor of Swiss history by pursuing a policy of sovereign territorial expansion.

FactSnippet No. 821,303

In 1218, after Berthold died without an heir, Bern was made a free imperial city by the Goldene Handfeste of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II.

FactSnippet No. 821,304

In 1353, Bern joined the Swiss Confederacy, becoming one of the eight cantons of the formative period of 1353 to 1481.

FactSnippet No. 821,305

Bern invaded and conquered Aargau in 1415 and Vaud in 1536, as well as other smaller territories, thereby becoming the largest city-state north of the Alps; by the 18th century, it comprised most of what is today the canton of Bern and the canton of Vaud.

FactSnippet No. 821,306

Bern was occupied by French troops in 1798 during the French Revolutionary Wars, when it was stripped of parts of its territories.

FactSnippet No. 821,307

Bern was made the Federal City within the new Swiss federal state in 1848.

FactSnippet No. 821,308

The countryside around Bern was formed by glaciers during the most recent ice age.

FactSnippet No. 821,309

The site of the old observatory in Bern is the point of origin of the CH1903 coordinate system at.

FactSnippet No. 821,310

Closest weather station near Bern is located in the municipality of Zollikofen, about 5 kilometres north of the city centre.

FactSnippet No. 821,311

Any resident of Bern allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Municipal Council.

FactSnippet No. 821,312

Any resident of Bern allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the City Council.

FactSnippet No. 821,313

Municipal Council of the city of Bern decided against having twinned cities except for a temporary cooperation with the Austrian city Salzburg.

FactSnippet No. 821,314

Bern is home to 114 Swiss heritage sites of national significance.

FactSnippet No. 821,315

Musikpreis des Kantons Bern is an annual musical event where "Outstanding musicians which styles shape the Bern music scene" are honored.

FactSnippet No. 821,316

SC Bern is the major ice hockey team of Bern which plays in the PostFinance Arena.

FactSnippet No. 821,317

Bern Cardinals is the baseball and softball team of Bern, which plays at the Allmend.

FactSnippet No. 821,318

Bern Grizzlies is the American football club in Bern and plays in the top level Nationalliga A at Athletics Arena Wankdorf.

FactSnippet No. 821,319

Bern was a candidate to host the 2010 Winter Olympics, but withdrew its bid in September 2002 after a referendum was passed that showed that the bid was not supported by locals.

FactSnippet No. 821,320

Bern Bears is an NGO Basketball Club since 2010 in city of Bern.

FactSnippet No. 821,321

Bern is served by a dense network of trains, trams, trolleybuses, and conventional motorbuses.

FactSnippet No. 821,322

Bern is well connected to other cities by several motorways .

FactSnippet No. 821,323

Bern Airport located outside the city near the town of Belp, as of March 2021 mostly serves general aviation and charter flights.

FactSnippet No. 821,324