18 Facts About Biarritz


Biarritz is located in the Pyrenees-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.

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Biarritz has a temperate oceanic climate, Cfb in the Koppen climate classification.

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Biarritz appears as Bearids and Bearriz in 1150, Beiarridz in 1165, Bearriz and Beariz in 1170, Bearidz, Bearriz and Beariz, lo port de Beiarriz and Bearridz in 1261 .

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Biarritz has long made its living from the sea: from the 12th century onwards, it was a whaling town.

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Biarritz was an independent municipality, until 1784, a clergyman, four sworn and the city was governed by twelve deputies.

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In 1840, the Town House or Municipality of Biarritz started to organize an initiative in order to promote and attract those who loved most the sea.

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Biarritz will put poplars in the hills, railings in the dunes, kiosks in the rocks, seats in the caves, trousers worn on tourists.

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Biarritz planted poplars, tamarinds, hydrangeas, roses and pittosporums on the slopes and the hills, set railings on the dunes, covered moats with elegant stairs.

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Biarritz became more renowned in 1854 when Empress Eugenie built a palace on the beach .

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Presence of French Republic's authorities and the fact of having launched the Paris-Henday train led Biarritz to become one of the most outstanding tourist areas all over Europe.

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Under General Samuel L McCroskey, the hotels and casinos of Biarritz were converted into quarters, labs, and class spaces for U S service personnel.

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One of his Californian friends came for a visit, and his use of a surfboard off Biarritz is recognized as the first time surfing was practised in Europe.

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Biarritz eventually became one of the most popular European surfing spots.

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Surfing in Biarritz is of a world-class standard and first appeared in 1957.

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In July 2011, Biarritz hosted the Roxy Pro event, a tournament part of the ASP Women's World Tour.

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Biarritz station is easily accessible from Paris by France's high-speed train, the TGV, and more regionally from Bordeaux, by TGV or TER.

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Night trains regularly depart from Irun, south of Biarritz and pass through the city before heading to Paris during an overnight trip.

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Since Biarritz is a city based in tourism, there are acts during the whole summer, such as pelota festivity, equestrian competition, concerts and recitals, folklore festivals, water acrobatic ski, sea trips, performances, rugby competitions, bullfights and night parties.

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