18 Facts About Burgos


Burgos is a city of Spain located in the autonomous community of Castile and Leon.

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Burgos is situated in the north of the Iberian Peninsula, on the confluence of the Arlanzon river tributaries, at the edge of the central plateau.

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Burgos was selected as the "Spanish Gastronomy Capital" of 2013.

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Burgos was founded in 884 as an outpost of this expanding Christian frontier, when Diego Rodriguez "Porcelos", count of Castile, governed this territory with orders to promote the increase of the Christian population; with this end in view he gathered the inhabitants of the surrounding country into one fortified village.

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Burgos was a major stop for pilgrims on the French Way the most popular path to Santiago de Compostela and a centre of trade between the Bay of Biscay and the south, which attracted an unusually large foreign merchant population, who became part of the city oligarchy and excluded other foreigners.

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The city perceived that danger to its autonomy came rather from an uncontrolled aristocracy during royal minorities: Burgos joined the hermandades of cities that leagued together for mutual protection in 1295 and 1315.

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Burgos has been the scene of many wars: with the Moors, the struggles between Leon and Navarre, and between Castile and Aragon.

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Temperature ranges can be extreme and Burgos is drier than Spain's coastal regions, although there is year-round precipitation.

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Burgos has a total of 10 museums, the newest being the Museum of Human Evolution .

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In total, the University of Burgos has education agreements with over 100 international academic institutions.

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Burgos is one of Spain's richest cities, with a GDP above the Spain average.

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Burgos is a very industrial city, with a secondary sector widely developed.

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Burgos is blessed with a moderate climate and this fresh cheese was able to be conserved there without the need for curing of more than 10 days.

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Morcilla de Burgos, a pig's-blood sausage, is a staple country food known across the Iberian peninsula.

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Burgos has an international bus station located in the city centre, just one hundred meters from the Cathedral.

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Burgos has undertaken many efforts concerning sustainable mobility, and it won the CiViTAs City of the Year in 2007, the most important Award at the European level and the Energy Globe Award in 2008 in the Air Category for the same reason.

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Burgos now leads the CiViNET Network of cities concerned with sustainable mobility in Spain and Portugal.

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Burgos is the setting for a scene in the 2010 film The Way, directed by Emilio Estevez and starring his father Martin Sheen.

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