12 Facts About Cappadocia


Cappadocia or Capadocia, is a historical region in Central Anatolia, Turkey.

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Cappadocia appears in the biblical account given in the book of Acts 2:9.

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The only two cities of Cappadocia considered by Strabo to deserve that appellation were Caesarea and Tyana, not far from the foot of the Taurus.

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Cappadocia contained the sources of the Sarus and Pyramus rivers with their higher affluents, and the middle course of the Halys, and the whole course of the tributary of the Euphrates later called Tokhma Su.

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Cappadocia was known as Hatti in the late Bronze Age, and was the homeland of the Hittite power centred at Hattusa.

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In 314, Cappadocia was the largest province of the Roman Empire, and was part of the Diocese of Pontus.

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Cappadocia largely consisted of major estates, owned by the Roman emperors or wealthy local families.

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Cappadocia shared an always-changing relationship with neighbouring Armenia, by that time a region of the Empire.

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Cappadocia remained part of the Ottoman Empire until 1922, when it became part of the modern state of Turkey.

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Touristic Cappadocia includes four cities: Nevsehir, Kayseri, Aksaray and Nigde.

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People of the villages at the heart of the Cappadocia Region carved out houses, churches and monasteries from the soft rocks of volcanic deposits.

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The Goreme Open Air Museum is the most visited site of the monastic communities in Cappadocia and is one of the most famous sites in central Turkey.

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