26 Facts About Chandogya Upanishad


Chandogya Upanishad is a Sanskrit text embedded in the Chandogya Brahmana of the Sama Veda of Hinduism.

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The precise chronology of Chandogya Upanishad is uncertain, and it is variously dated to have been composed by the 8th to 6th century BCE in India.

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Chandogya Upanishad is notable for its lilting metric structure, its mention of ancient cultural elements such as musical instruments, and embedded philosophical premises that later served as foundation for Vedanta school of Hinduism.

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Name of the Chandogya Upanishad is derived from the word Chanda or chandas, which means "poetic meter, prosody".

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Chandogya Upanishad was in all likelihood composed in the earlier part of 1st millennium BCE, and is one of the oldest Upanishads.

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Chandogya Upanishad was composed by 7th or 6th century BCE, give or take a century or so.

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Phillips states that Chandogya Upanishad was completed after Brihadaranyaka, both probably in early part of the 8th millennium CE.

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Notable structural feature of Chandogya Upanishad is that it contains many nearly identical passages and stories found in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, but in precise meter.

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Chandogya Upanishad opens with the recommendation that "let a man meditate on Om".

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Tenth through twelfth volumes of the first "Prapathaka" of Chandogya Upanishad describe a legend about priests and it criticizes how they go about reciting verses and singing hymns without any idea what they mean or the divine principle they signify.

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In other words, the fourth state of Brahmasamstha among men must have been known by the time this Chandogya Upanishad verse was composed, but it is not certain whether a formal stage of Sannyasa life existed as a dharmic asrama at that time.

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The rising and setting of the sun is likened to man's cyclic state of clarity and confusion, while the spiritual state of knowing Upanishadic insight of Brahman is described by Chandogya Upanishad as being one with Sun, a state of permanent day of perfect knowledge, the day which knows no night.

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Fourth chapter of the Chandogya Upanishad opens with the story of king Janasruti and "the man with the cart" named Raikva.

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Air, asserts the Chandogya Upanishad, is the "devourer unto itself" of divinities because it absorbs fire, sun at sunset, moon when it sets, water when it dries up.

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The Samvarga Vidya in Chandogya Upanishad is found elsewhere in Vedic canon of texts, such as chapter 10.

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The Chandogya Upanishad narrative is notable for stating the idea of unity of the universe, of realization of this unity within man, and that there is unity and oneness in all beings.

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Sixth chapter of the Chandogya Upanishad contains the famous "Tat Tvam Asi" precept, one regarded by scholars as the sum-total or as one of the most important of all Upanishadic teachings.

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Chandogya Upanishad then finds his way out of the forest, then finds knowledgeable ones for directions to Gandharas.

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Chandogya Upanishad receives the directions, and continues his journey on his own, one day arriving home and to happiness.

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Seventh chapter of the Chandogya Upanishad opens as a conversation between Sanatkumara and Narada.

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Chandogya Upanishad thereafter makes an abrupt transition back to inner world of man.

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Chandogya Upanishad sees, thinks, understands and knows everything as his Self.

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Eight chapter of the Chandogya Upanishad opens by declaring the body one is born with as the "city of Brahman", and in it is a palace that is special because the entire universe is contained within it.

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The Chandogya Upanishad describes the potential of self-knowledge with the parable of hidden treasure, as follows,.

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Several major "Bhasyas" on Chandogya Upanishad have been written by Sanskrit scholars of ancient and medieval India.

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Each and every living creature is understood, in this Chandogya Upanishad-inspired fundamental doctrine of Hinduism, to be a manifestation of the same underlying nature, where there is a deep sense of interconnected oneness in every person and every creature, and that singular nature renders each individual being identical to every other.

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