54 Facts About Charlie Chaplin

1. In 1976, Charlie Chaplin was made a Fellow of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts.

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2. Charlie Chaplin was given a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1972, having been previously excluded because of his political beliefs.

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3. Charlie Chaplin was awarded honorary Doctor of Letters degrees by the University of Oxford and the University of Durham in 1962.

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4. Charlie Chaplin is the protagonist of Robert Coover's short story "Charlie in the House of Rue", and of Glen David Gold's Sunnyside (2009), a historical novel set in the First World War period.

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5. In 2013, two plays about Charlie Chaplin premiered in Finland: Chaplin at the Svenska Teatern, and Kulkuri at the Tampere Workers' Theatre.

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6. Charlie Chaplin is a character in the period drama film The Cat's Meow, played by Eddie Izzard, and in the made-for-television movie The Scarlett O'Hara War (1980), played by Clive Revill.

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7. In other fields, Charlie Chaplin helped inspire the cartoon characters Felix the Cat and Mickey Mouse, and was an influence on the Dada art movement.

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8. Charlie Chaplin is often credited as one of the medium's first artists.

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9. Charlie Chaplin is described by the British Film Institute as "a towering figure in world culture", and was included in Time magazine's list of the "100 Most Important People of the 20th Century" for the "laughter [he brought] to millions" and because he "more or less invented global recognizability and helped turn an industry into an art".

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10. Charlie Chaplin considered the musical accompaniment of a film to be important, and from A Woman of Paris onwards he took an increasing interest in this area.

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11. Charlie Chaplin often explored these topics ironically, making comedy out of suffering.

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12. Charlie Chaplin touched on controversial issues: immigration; illegitimacy (The Kid, 1921); and drug use (Easy Street, 1917).

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13. From A Woman of Paris onward Charlie Chaplin began the filming process with a prepared plot, but Robinson writes that every film up to Modern Times "went through many metamorphoses and permutations before the story took its final form.

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14. Charlie Chaplin appeared in a documentary about his life, The Gentleman Tramp, directed by Richard Patterson.

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15. Charlie Chaplin banned American journalists from its Paris premiere and decided not to release the film in the United States.

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16. Charlie Chaplin founded a new production company, Attica, and used Shepperton Studios for the shooting.

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17. Charlie Chaplin began developing his first European film, A King in New York, in 1954.

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18. Charlie Chaplin decided to hold the world premiere of Limelight in London, since it was the setting of the film.

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19. Charlie Chaplin aimed for a more serious tone than any of his previous films, regularly using the word "melancholy" when explaining his plans to his co-star Claire Bloom.

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20. Charlie Chaplin should be deported and gotten rid of at once.

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21. Charlie Chaplin was proud of the film, writing in his autobiography, "Monsieur Verdoux is the cleverest and most brilliant film I have yet made.

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22. Charlie Chaplin decided that the concept would "make a wonderful comedy", and paid Welles $5,000 for the idea.

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23. Charlie Chaplin spent two years developing the script, and began filming in September 1939—six days after Britain declared war on Germany.

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24. Charlie Chaplin intended to use spoken dialogue but changed his mind during rehearsals.

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25. Charlie Chaplin spent months travelling Western Europe, including extended stays in France and Switzerland, and spontaneously decided to visit Japan.

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26. Charlie Chaplin finished editing City Lights in December 1930, by which time silent films were an anachronism.

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27. At the 1st Academy Awards, Charlie Chaplin was given a special trophy "For versatility and genius in acting, writing, directing and producing The Circus".

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28. Charlie Chaplin stated at its release, "This is the picture that I want to be remembered by".

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29. Charlie Chaplin felt The Gold Rush was the best film he had made.

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30. Charlie Chaplin intended it to be a star-making vehicle for Edna Purviance, and did not appear in the picture himself other than in a brief, uncredited cameo.

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31. Charlie Chaplin spent five months on his next film, the two-reeler The Idle Class.

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32. Charlie Chaplin was unhappy with the union and, feeling that marriage stunted his creativity, struggled over the production of his film Sunnyside.

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33. Charlie Chaplin was eager to start with the new company and offered to buy out his contract with First National.

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34. Charlie Chaplin produced a short propaganda film at his own expense, donated to the government for fund-raising, called The Bond.

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35. Charlie Chaplin chose to build his own studio, situated on five acres of land off Sunset Boulevard, with production facilities of the highest order.

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36. In January 1918, Charlie Chaplin was visited by leading British singer and comedian Harry Lauder, and the two acted in a short film together.

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37. Charlie Chaplin was attacked in the British media for not fighting in the First World War.

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38. Charlie Chaplin made only four more films for Mutual over the first ten months of 1917: Easy Street, The Cure, The Immigrant, and The Adventurer.

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39. Charlie Chaplin received several offers, including Universal, Fox, and Vitagraph, the best of which came from the Mutual Film Corporation at $10,000 a week.

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40. Charlie Chaplin began to alter his screen persona, which had attracted some criticism at Keystone for its "mean, crude, and brutish" nature.

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41. Charlie Chaplin joined the studio in late December 1914, where he began forming a stock company of regular players, including Leo White, Bud Jamison, Paddy McGuire and Billy Armstrong.

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42. Charlie Chaplin arrived in Los Angeles in early December, and began working for the Keystone studio on 5 January 1914.

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43. Charlie Chaplin thought the Keystone comedies "a crude melange of rough and rumble", but liked the idea of working in films and rationalised: "Besides, it would mean a new life.

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44. In May 1906, Charlie Chaplin joined the juvenile act Casey's Circus, where he developed popular burlesque pieces and was the star of the show.

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45. Charlie Chaplin completed one final tour of Sherlock Holmes in early 1906, before leaving the play after more than two-and-a-half years.

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46. Charlie Chaplin lived alone for several days, searching for food and occasionally sleeping rough, until Sydney—who had enrolled in the Navy two years earlier—returned.

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47. At the time of his birth, Charlie Chaplin's parents were both music hall entertainers.

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48. Charlie Chaplin continues to be held in high regard, with The Gold Rush, City Lights, Modern Times, and The Great Dictator often ranked on lists of the greatest films of all time.

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49. Charlie Chaplin received an Honorary Academy Award for "the incalculable effect he has had in making motion pictures the art form of this century" in 1972, as part of a renewed appreciation for his work.

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50. Charlie Chaplin refused to move to sound films in the 1930s, instead producing City Lights and Modern Times (1936) without dialogue.

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51. In 1919, Charlie Chaplin co-founded the distribution company United Artists which gave him complete control over his films.

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52. Charlie Chaplin directed his own films and continued to hone his craft as he moved to the Essanay, Mutual, and First National corporations.

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53. Charlie Chaplin was scouted for the film industry and began appearing in 1914 for Keystone Studios.

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54. Sir Charles Spencer Charlie Chaplin was an English comic actor, filmmaker, and composer who rose to fame in the era of silent film.

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