23 Facts About Chichen Itza


Ruins of Chichen Itza are federal property, and the site's stewardship is maintained by Mexico's Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e Historia.

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Chichen Itza is one of the most visited archeological sites in Mexico with over 2.

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Chichen Itza is the name of an ethnic-lineage group that gained political and economic dominance of the northern peninsula.

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One possible translation for Chichen Itza is "enchanter of the water, " from its (itz), "sorcerer", and ha, "water".

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The word "Chichen Itza'" has a high tone on the "a" followed by a glottal stop.

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Chichen Itza is located in the eastern portion of Yucatan state in Mexico.

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Between AD 900 and 1050 Chichen Itza expanded to become a powerful regional capital controlling north and central Yucatan.

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The earliest hieroglyphic date discovered at Chichen Itza is equivalent to 832 AD, while the last known date was recorded in the Osario temple in 998.

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Chichen Itza rose to regional prominence toward the end of the Early Classic period.

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Chichen Itza sent his son, Francisco Montejo The Younger, in late 1532 to conquer the interior of the Yucatan Peninsula from the north.

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Chichen Itza was forced to abandon Chichen Itza in 1534 under cover of darkness.

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The Spanish crown later issued a land grant that included Chichen Itza and by 1588 it was a working cattle ranch.

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Chichen Itza entered the popular imagination in 1843 with the book Incidents of Travel in Yucatan by John Lloyd Stephens.

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In 1860, Desire Charnay surveyed Chichen Itza and took numerous photographs that he published in Cites et ruines americaines.

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In 1875, Augustus Le Plongeon and his wife Alice Dixon Le Plongeon visited Chichen Itza, and excavated a statue of a figure on its back, knees drawn up, upper torso raised on its elbows with a plate on its stomach.

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Chichen Itza's discoveries included the earliest dated carving upon a lintel in the Temple of the Initial Series and the excavation of several graves in the Osario.

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Chichen Itza wrote about his research and investigations of the Maya culture in a book People of the Serpent published in 1932.

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The buildings of Chichen Itza are grouped in a series of architectonic sets, and each set was at one time separated from the other by a series of low walls.

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Old Chichen Itza is the name given to a group of structures to the south of the central site, where most of the Puuc-style architecture of the city is concentrated.

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Chichen Itza is one of the most visited archeological sites in Mexico; in 2017 it was estimated to have received 2.

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Chichen Itza began by meeting passengers who arrived by steamship at Progreso, the port north of Merida, and persuading them to spend a week in Yucatan, after which they would catch the next steamship to their next destination.

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In 1930, the Mayaland Hotel opened, just north of the Hacienda Chichen Itza, which had been taken over by the Carnegie Institution.

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Around that same time the Carnegie Institution completed its work at Chichen Itza and abandoned the Hacienda Chichen, which Barbachano turned into another seasonal hotel.

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