12 Facts About Communist Manifesto


Communist Manifesto, originally the Manifesto of the Communist Party, is an 1848 pamphlet by German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.

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In 2013, The Communist Manifesto was registered to UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme along with Marx's Capital, VolumeI.

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Communist Manifesto is divided into a preamble and four sections, the last of these a short conclusion.

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Laski argues that while writing the Communist Manifesto, Marx drew from the "joint stock of ideas" he developed with Engels "a kind of intellectual bank account upon which either could draw freely".

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In late February 1848, the Communist Manifesto was anonymously published by the Workers' Educational Association, based at 46 Liverpool Street, in the Bishopsgate Without area of the City of London.

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In June–November 1850 the Manifesto of the Communist Party was published in English for the first time when George Julian Harney serialised Helen Macfarlane's translation in his Chartist magazine The Red Republican.

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Lastly, and perhaps most significantly in the popularisation of the Communist Manifesto, was the treason trial of German Social Democratic Party leaders.

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However, by the mid 1870s the Communist Manifesto remained Marx and Engels' only work to be even moderately well-known.

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In contrast, critics such as revisionist Marxist and reformist socialist Eduard Bernstein distinguished between "immature" early Marxism—as exemplified by The Communist Manifesto written by Marx and Engels in their youth—that he opposed for its violent Blanquist tendencies and later "mature" Marxism that he supported.

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Bernstein declared that the massive and homogeneous working-class claimed in the Communist Manifesto did not exist, and that contrary to claims of a proletarian majority emerging, the middle-class was growing under capitalism and not disappearing as Marx had claimed.

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Milton, Warren argues, shows a notable influence on The Communist Manifesto, saying: "Looking back on Milton's era, Marx saw a historical dialectic founded on inspiration in which freedom of the press, republicanism, and revolution were closely joined".

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The Communist Manifesto makes reference to the "revolutionary" antibourgeois social criticism of Thomas Carlyle, whom Engels had read as early as May 1843.

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