11 Facts About European Community


European Economic Community was a regional organization created by the Treaty of Rome of 1957, aiming to foster economic integration among its member states.

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Shortly after its election, the Parliament proposed that the European Community adopt the flag of Europe design used by the Council of Europe.

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In 1987 Turkey formally applied to join the European Community and began the longest application process for any country.

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The EEC's areas of activities were enlarged and were renamed the European Community, continuing to follow the supranational structure of the EEC.

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Council of the European Communities was a body holding legislative and executive powers and was thus the main decision making body of the Community.

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Since the 1960s the Council began to meet informally at the level of heads of government and heads of state; these European Community summits followed the same presidency system and secretariat as the Council but was not a formal formation of it.

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Commission of the European Communities was the executive arm of the community, drafting Community law, dealing with the day to running of the Community and upholding the treaties.

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Under the Community, the European Parliament had an advisory role to the Council and Commission.

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The Single European Community Act gave Parliament more power, with the assent procedure giving it a right to veto proposals and the cooperation procedure giving it equal power with the Council if the Council was not unanimous.

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Court of Justice of the European Communities was the highest court of on matters of Community law and was composed of one judge per state with a president elected from among them.

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Since the end of World War II, sovereign European Community countries have entered into treaties and thereby co-operated and harmonised policies in an increasing number of areas, in the European Community integration project or the construction of Europe .

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