Galactic Republic, often referred to as simply the Republic, is a fictional galactic polity depicted in the Star Wars universe, where it existed prior to the establishment of the Galactic Empire.
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The Galactic Republic is most prominently portrayed in the prequel trilogy of films in the Star Wars franchise.
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Galactic Republic is portrayed as a democratic republic that has sustained itself peacefully for over twenty-five thousand years, but was tied up in layers of bureaucracy.
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The consolidation of the New Galactic Republic is depicted in The Mandalorian as it sought to wipe out remnants of the Imperial forces, and was eventually destroyed by the First Order, under Supreme Leader Snoke's direction, in Star Wars: The Force Awakens.
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Multimedia project Star Wars: The High Galactic Republic depicts the galaxy 200 years before The Phantom Menace.
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Galactic Republic began to diplomatically influence its neighboring worlds rather than conquering them by force.
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The Galactic Republic became peaceful but corrupt, and a Core-Rim distrust formed.
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The Trade Federation and other cartels within the Galactic Republic desired that the Galactic Republic government lack significant central military power so that it could not enforce any legal regulations on their business.
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When it became clear the Confederacy had no intention of negotiating, the Galactic Republic quickly accepted the Army made for them, and it was dubbed the Grand Army of the Galactic Republic.
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The official continuation of the Galactic Republic was the Galactic Empire, which was fueled by cruelty and fear.
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The New Galactic Republic is first portrayed onscreen in Star Wars: The Force Awakens, where it is depicted as the ruling government of the galaxy and primary target of the First Order, a neo-imperialist military junta that sought to reclaim the Empire's legacy.
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Galactic Republic begins as a mutual protection and economic alliance among a number of planets in the Core.
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The capital of the Galactic Republic, which contains the most political power and wealth, is Coruscant.
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The Senate has some form of judicial power as well, although the Galactic Republic has a judicial branch, in which the Supreme Court was the main body.
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The Galactic Republic Senate meets less often, as the Chancellor is voted more emergency powers to act on his own during the time of crisis.
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