15 Facts About Gozo


Gozo, Maltese: Ghawdex and in antiquity known as Gaulos, is an island in the Maltese archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.

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Gozo is known for its scenic hills, which are featured on its coat of arms.

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Gozo is considered one of the top diving destinations in the Mediterranean and a centre for water sports.

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Gozo has been inhabited since 5000 BC, when farmers from nearby Sicily crossed the sea to the island.

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Gozo was an important place for cultural evolution, and during the Neolithic period the Ggantija temples were built; they are amongst the world's oldest free-standing structures, as well as the world's oldest religious structures.

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Also, native tradition and certain ancient Greek historians maintain that Gozo is the island Homer described as Ogygia, home of the nymph Calypso.

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Gozo was occupied by the Carthaginians, who built a temple to Astarte on the islands.

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The island of Gozo was repopulated between 1565 and 1580 by mainland Maltese, undertaken by the Knights of Malta.

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Gozo then enjoyed a short period of autonomy until the French garrison in Valletta surrendered on 4 September 1800.

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On that day both Malta and Gozo became a British Protectorate before becoming a Crown colony in 1813.

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An airstrip for fixed-wing aircraft on Gozo was proposed in the 1990s, but rejected for environmental reasons.

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The open top bus tour of Gozo starts from the harbour of Mgarr and there are stops located along the route.

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Gozo covers 67 square kilometres, approximately the same area as New York City's Manhattan island.

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Gozo is particularly known for its local cheeselet, gbejna t'Ghawdex.

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Gozo was the location for Calypso's island in the 1997 Hallmark miniseries The Odyssey based on Homer's epic poem.

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