21 Facts About Graz


Graz is the capital city of the Austrian state of Styria and second-largest city in Austria after Vienna.

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Graz is known as a college and university city, with four colleges and four universities.

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Graz was designated the Cultural Capital of Europe in 2003 and became a City of Culinary Delights in 2008.

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Name of the city, Graz, formerly spelled Gratz, most likely stems from the Slavic gradec, which means "small castle".

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Graz is situated on both sides of the Mur river in southeast Austria.

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Graz is the state capital and largest city in Styria, a green and heavily forested region on the eastern edge of the Alps.

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University of Graz was founded by Archduke Karl II in 1585, it's the city's oldest university.

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Graz worked as a math teacher and was a professor of mathematics at the University of Graz, but still found time to study astronomy.

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Graz left Graz for Prague when Lutherans were banned from the city.

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Graz is centrally located within today's Bundesland of Styria, or Steiermark in German.

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Graz is home to the region's provincial armory, which is the world's largest historical collection of late medieval and Renaissance weaponry.

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Graz successfully defended the Schlossberg against eight attacks, but they were forced to give up after the Grande Armee occupied Vienna and the Emperor ordered to surrender.

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The belltower and the civic clock tower, which is a leading tourist attraction and serves as a symbol for Graz, were spared after the citizens of Graz paid a ransom for their preservation.

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The weather in Graz is thus influenced by the Mediterranean, and it has more hours of sunshine per year than Vienna or Salzburg and less wind or rain.

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Politically, culturally, scientifically and religiously, Graz was an important centre for all Slovenes, especially from the establishment of the University of Graz in 1586 until the establishment of University of Ljubljana in 1919.

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Student associations in Graz were a crucible of the Slovene identity, and the Slovene students in Graz were more nationally aware than some others.

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Year that Graz was Cultural Capital of Europe, new structures were erected.

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Much of its post-war history Graz was a stronghold of the Social Democratic Party of Austria, but since the late 1990s the party has lost most of its support on a local level.

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SK Sturm Graz is the main football club of the city, with three Austrian championships, 5 Austrian Cup wins and 3 participations in the Champions League .

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In ice hockey, ATSE Graz was the Austrian Hockey League champion in 1975 and 1978.

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In Graz there are seven hospitals, several private hospitals and sanatoriums, as well as 44 pharmacies.

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