22 Facts About Guadeloupe


Guadeloupe is an archipelago and overseas department and region of France in the Caribbean.

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The Union populaire pour la liberation de la Guadeloupe campaigned for complete independence, and by the 1980s the situation had turned violent with the actions of groups such as Groupe de liberation armee and Alliance revolutionnaire caraibe .

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Guadeloupe is an archipelago of more than 12 islands, as well as islets and rocks situated where the northeastern Caribbean Sea meets the western Atlantic Ocean.

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The Lesser Antilles are at the outer edge of the Caribbean Plate, and Guadeloupe is part of the outer arc of the Lesser Antilles Volcanic Arc.

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Guadeloupe was formed from multiple volcanoes, of which only La Grande Soufriere is not extinct.

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Guadeloupe has a tropical climate tempered by maritime influences and the Trade Winds.

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In 2017 the average population density in Guadeloupe was 240 inhabitants for every square kilometre, which is very high in comparison to metropolitan France's average of 119 inhabitants for every square kilometre.

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Medical centres in Guadeloupe include: University Hospital Centre in Pointe-a-Pitre, Regional Hospital Centre in Basse-Terre, and four hospitals located in Capesterre-Belle-Eau, Pointe-Noire, Bouillante and Saint-Claude.

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Institut Pasteur de la Guadeloupe, is located in Pointe-a-Pitre and is responsible for researching environmental hygiene, vaccinations, and the spread of tuberculosis and mycobacteria.

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The inhabitants of Guadeloupe are French citizens with full political and legal rights.

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The Regional Council of Guadeloupe is a body, elected every six years, consisting of a president and eight vice-presidents.

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For electoral purposes, Guadeloupe is divided into two arrondissements, and 21 cantons.

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From a geostrategic point of view, Guadeloupe is located in a central part of the Caribbean archipelago between the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.

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Economy of Guadeloupe depends on tourism, agriculture, light industry and services.

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Administratively, the territory of Guadeloupe is part of the Diocese of Basse-Terre and Pointe-a-Pitre, attached to the Catholic Church in France.

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The quimbois or kenbwa, practiced in Guadeloupe, refer to magical-religious practices derived from Christian and African syncretism.

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Several monuments and cites are dedicated to Saint-Georges in Guadeloupe, and there is an annual music festival, Festival International de Musique Saint-Georges, dedicated in his honour.

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Clothing worn in Guadeloupe has mutated over the centuries and has undergone changes that reflect the social conditions and the evolution of society, from the time of slavery to the present day.

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Guadeloupe continues to host the Orange Open de Guadeloupe tennis tournament .

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Guadeloupe is served by a number of airports; most international flights use Pointe-a-Pitre International Airport.

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Islands of Guadeloupe have two local campuses of the University of the West Indies, a "city of knowledge" including a health and social campus, a "university of trades" including a training centre for apprentices, a regional arts and entertainment centre, a student residence and, finally, three sites of the regional deuxieme chance school.

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Residents of Guadeloupe describe the island as a place with little everyday crime, and most violence is caused by the drug trade or domestic disputes.

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