20 Facts About Gyumri


Gyumri is an urban municipal community and the second-largest city in Armenia, serving as the administrative center of Shirak Province in the northwestern part of the country.

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Today, Gyumri continues to grapple with the lasting effects of the 1988 earthquake, but remains known as the cultural hub of Armenia due to the many artists and craftsman who originated from the city.

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In 1837, Gyumri was renamed Alexandropol after Czar Nicholas I's wife, Princess Alexandra Fyodorovna.

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Archaeological excavations conducted throughout the Soviet period have shown that the area of modern-day Gyumri has been populated since at least the third millennium BC.

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Gyumri was celebrated as the Capital of Culture of the Commonwealth of Independent States for 2013.

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Gyumri is 126 kilometres north of the capital Yerevan at the central part of the Shirak plateau.

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Population of Gyumri has gradually grown since 1840 after gaining the status of town.

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The dialect of Gyumri is a variant of Karin dialect, closely related to Western Armenian.

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The Cathedral of the Holy Mother of God of Gyumri - known as the Cathedral of the Seven Wounds of the Holy Mother of God- is the seat of the Diocese of Shirak of the Armenian Church.

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Gyumri is home to many prominent museums of Armenia, including the House-Museums of sculptor Sergey Merkurov, poets Avetik Isahakyan and Hovhannes Shiraz, and actor Mher Mkrtchyan.

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The Dzitoghtsyan Museum of Social Life and National Architecture of Gyumri is an old mansion, housing collections related to both history and the everyday-life of Gyumri, as well as paintings and other works of art.

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In 1912, Gyumri was home to the first opera show ever staged in Armenia, when composer Armen Tigranian presented Anoush to the public in Alexandropol.

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Gyumri is known for its 19th-century architecture and urban constructions.

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Gyumri was officially declared Commonwealth of Independent States cultural capital in 2013.

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Gyumri is one of the most celebrated Armenian composers of folk music.

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Restoration process of the damaged buildings of Gyumri has been spearheaded by Earthwatch to preserve the city's unique architecture.

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Gyumri is considered to be the "laughter and humor capital" of Armenia.

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Industrial sector in the provincial center Gyumri includes the production of building materials, hosiery and textile manufacturing, food processing and dairy products, alcoholic drinks, electronic machines, etc.

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Gyumri has a large number of educational institutions, following the capital Yerevan in the number of educational institutions.

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Gyumri has made a major contribution to the sporting life of Armenia.

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