33 Facts About Shiraz


Shiraz is the fifth-most-populous city of Iran and the capital of its Fars Province, which has been historically known as Pars and Persis.

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Shiraz is known as the city of poets, literature, and flowers.

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The crafts of Shiraz consist of inlaid mosaic work of triangular design; silverware; pile carpet-weaving and weaving of kilim, called and in the villages and among the tribes.

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Shiraz has a major oil refinery and is a major centre for Iran's electronic industries: 53 percent of Iran's electronic investment has been centred in Shiraz.

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The name Shiraz appears on clay sealings found at a 2nd-century CE Sassanid ruin, east of the city.

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Arfaee says that Sasanian Shiraz was relatively insignificant before its re-foundation in the early Islamic period.

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The Arab Muslim army had conquered the wider region of Fars, where the site of Shiraz is located, in several expeditions launched from their garrison town of Basra between 640 and 653, and specifically captured the immediate area around Shiraz early on, in 641.

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However, the initial ambitions were not realized and Shiraz remained a "provincial backwater" in the shadow of Istakhr until at least the late 9th century, according to Limbert.

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Iranian Buyid dynasty under Imad al-Dawla Ali ibn Buya ousted the Saffarids in 933 and his nephew and successor, 'Adud al-Dawla Fana Khusraw, took over and ruled Fars between 949 and 983, and added Iraq, the seat of the Abbasid Caliphate, to his Shiraz-based domains in 977; the Abbasids thenceforth became a puppet state of the Shiraz-based dynasty.

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Shiraz developed into the largest and most prosperous city of Fars and an important economic and cultural center of the caliphate.

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Two Zoroastrian fire temples existed in Shiraz, catering to the Persians who had not converted to Islam.

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Under the Buyids, Shiraz was divided into twelve quarters and had eight gates.

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Shiraz was again spared by Tamerlane, when in 1382 the local monarch, Shah Shoja agreed to submit to the invader.

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In 1504, Shiraz was captured by the forces of Ismail I, the founder of the Safavid dynasty.

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Shiraz soon returned to prosperity under the rule of Karim Khan Zand, who made it his capital in 1762.

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Shiraz had a moat built around the city, constructed an irrigation and drainage system, and rebuilt the city walls.

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Shiraz is the birthplace of the co-founder of the Baha'i Faith, the Bab .

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Shiraz is known as the capital of Persian Art, Culture and Literature.

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Shiraz is located in the south of Iran and the northwest of Kerman Province.

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Shiraz's climate has distinct seasons, and is overall classed as a cold semi-arid climate, though it is only a little short of a hot semi-arid climate or a hot-summer Mediterranean climate .

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Shiraz has a major oil refinery and is a major center for Iran's electronic industries.

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Shiraz is famous for its carpet production and flowers as well.

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Shiraz is an Iranian center for IT, communication, electronic industry, and transportation.

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Shiraz is a major shopping destination in Iran and the Middle East, with more than 25 malls and 10 bazaars.

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Shiraz has a significant Baha'i Faith population, the largest in the country after Tehran.

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Shiraz is known as the city of poets, gardens, wine, nightingales and flowers.

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The crafts of Shiraz consist of inlaid mosaic work of triangular design; silver-ware; carpet-weaving, and the making of the rugs called gilim and the blanket called Jajim in the villages and among the tribes.

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Shiraz left his native town at a young age for Baghdad to study Arabic literature and Islamic sciences at Al-Nizamiyya of Baghdad.

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When he reappeared in his native Shiraz he was an elderly man.

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Today Shiraz University is the largest university in the province, and one of Iran's best academic centers.

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Shiraz is connected with the rest of Iran's railway network.

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The most notable of these teams is Bargh Shiraz who are one of the oldest teams in Iran, Bargh was once a regular member of the Persian Gulf Pro League; however, financial issues and poor management have led them dropping to League 3 where they currently play.

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Shiraz is host to a number of smaller and lesser known teams as well, such as Kara Shiraz, New Bargh and Qashaei who all play in League 2.

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