35 Facts About Sassanid


Sassanid'storians have referred to the Sasanian Empire as the Neo-Persian Empire, since it was the second Iranian empire that rose from Pars ; while the Achaemenid Empire was the first one.

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Sassanid exploited his success by advancing into Anatolia, but withdrew in disarray after defeats at the hands of the Romans and their Palmyrene ally Odaenathus, suffering the capture of his harem and the loss of all the Roman territories he had occupied.

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Sassanid ordered the construction of the first dam bridge in Iran and founded many cities, some settled in part by emigrants from the Roman territories, including Christians who could exercise their faith freely under Sassanid rule.

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Sassanid particularly favoured Manichaeism, protecting Mani and sent many Manichaean missionaries abroad.

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Sassanid first led his small but disciplined army south against the Arabs, whom he defeated, securing the southern areas of the empire.

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Sassanid then began his first campaign against the Romans in the west, where Persian forces won a series of battles but were unable to make territorial gains due to the failure of repeated sieges of the key frontier city of Nisibis, and Roman success in retaking the cities of Singara and Amida after they had previously fallen to the Persians.

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Sassanid crushed the Central Asian tribes, and annexed the area as a new province.

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Sassanid failed to take the capital and was killed while trying to retreat to Roman territory.

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Sassanid's reign marked a relatively peaceful era with the Romans, and he even took the young Theodosius II under his guardianship.

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Sassanid was better known as Bahram-e Gur, Gur meaning onager, on account of his love for hunting and, in particular, hunting onagers.

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Sassanid symbolised a king at the height of a golden age, embodying royal prosperity.

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Sassanid had won his crown by competing with his brother and spent much time fighting foreign enemies, but mostly he kept himself amused by hunting, holding court parties and entertaining a famous band of ladies and courtiers.

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Sassanid then gathered his forces in Nishapur in 443 and launched a prolonged campaign against the Kidarites.

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Sassanid then persecuted the Christians in his land, and, to a much lesser extent, the Jews.

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Sassanid's army was completely destroyed, and his body was never found.

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Sassanid gave his support to the sect founded by Mazdak, son of Bamdad, who demanded that the rich should divide their wives and their wealth with the poor.

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Sassanid was a good and kind king; he reduced taxes in order to improve the condition of the peasants and the poor.

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Sassanid was an adherent of the mainstream Zoroastrian religion, diversions from which had cost Kavad I his throne and freedom.

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Sassanid introduced a rational system of taxation based upon a survey of landed possessions, which his father had begun, and he tried in every way to increase the welfare and the revenues of his empire.

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Sassanid rebuilt the canals and restocked the farms destroyed in the wars.

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Sassanid built strong fortifications at the passes and placed subject tribes in carefully chosen towns on the frontiers to act as guardians against invaders.

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Sassanid was tolerant of all religions, though he decreed that Zoroastrianism should be the official state religion, and was not unduly disturbed when one of his sons became a Christian.

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Sassanid was prevented from attacking Ctesiphon by the destruction of the bridges on the Nahrawan Canal and conducted further raids before withdrawing up the Diyala into north-western Iran.

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Abrupt fall of the Sassanid Empire was completed in a period of just five years, and most of its territory was absorbed into the Islamic caliphate; however, many Iranian cities resisted and fought against the invaders several times.

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Active army of the Sassanid Empire originated from Ardashir I, the first shahanshah of the empire.

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Cavalry used during the Sassanid Empire were two types of heavy cavalry units: Clibanarii and Cataphracts.

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The Sassanid army was much like the preceding Parthian army, although some of the Sassanid's heavy cavalry were equipped with lances, while Parthian armies were heavily equipped with bows.

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In general, over the span of the centuries, in the west, Sassanid territory abutted that of the large and stable Roman state, but to the east, its nearest neighbors were the Kushan Empire and nomadic tribes such as the White Huns.

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The dissolution of the Kingdom of Al-Hirah by Khosrau II in 602 contributed greatly to decisive Sassanid defeats suffered against Bedouin Arabs later in the century.

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Large numbers of Sassanid coins have been found in southern China, confirming maritime trade.

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On different occasions, Sassanid kings sent their most talented Persian musicians and dancers to the Chinese imperial court at Luoyang during the Jin and Northern Wei dynasties, and to Chang'an during the Sui and Tang dynasties.

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Sassanid told Borzuya of a book, the remedy of ignorance, called the Kalila, which was kept in a treasure chamber.

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In Sassanid theory, the ideal society could maintain stability and justice, and the necessary instrument for this was a strong monarch.

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Sassanid society was immensely complex, with separate systems of social organization governing numerous different groups within the empire.

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Sassanid even offered the Jews in the Sasanian empire a fine white Nisaean horse, just in case the Messiah, who was thought to ride a donkey or a mule, would come.

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