20 Facts About Hebron


The 1948 Arab–Israeli War saw the entire West Bank, including Hebron, occupied and annexed by Jordan, and since the 1967 Six-Day War, the city has been under Israeli military occupation.

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Present day city of Hebron was settled in the valley downhill from Tel Rumeida at the latest by Roman times.

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In Hebron is a public guest house continuously open, with a cook, a baker and servants in regular attendance.

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Geniza documents from this period refer only to "the graves of the patriarchs" and reveal there was an organised Jewish community in Hebron who had a synagogue near the tomb, and were occupied with accommodating Jewish pilgrims and merchants.

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Royal domain, Hebron was handed over to Philip of Milly in 1161 and joined with the Seigneurie of Transjordan.

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Hebron then reaches a cave, in which nothing is to be found, and a cave beyond, which is likewise empty, but when he reaches the third cave behold there are six sepulchres, those of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, respectively facing those of Sarah, Rebekah and Leah.

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Six years later, while on pilgrimage to Hebron, Baibars promulgated an edict forbidding Christians and Jews from entering the sanctuary, and the climate became less tolerant of Jews and Christians than it had been under the prior Ayyubid rule.

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In 1833, a report on the town appearing in a weekly paper printed by the London-based Religious Tract Society wrote that Hebron's population had 400 Arab families, had numerous well-provisioned shops and that there was a manufactory of glass lamps, which were exported to Egypt.

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An estimated 500 Muslims from Hebron were killed in the attack and some 750 were conscripted.

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Late in the 19th century the production of Hebron glass declined due to competition from imported European glass-ware the products of Hebron continued to be sold, particularly among the poorer populace and travelling Jewish traders from the city.

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Some Hebron Arabs, including Ahmad Rashid al-Hirbawi, president of Hebron chamber of commerce, supported the return of Jews after the massacre.

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Villagers surrounding Hebron resisted and skirmishes broke out in which some were killed.

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David Ben-Gurion considered that Hebron was the one sector of the conquered territories that should remain under Jewish control and be open to Jewish settlement.

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Apart from its symbolic message to the international community that Israel's rights in Hebron were, according to Jews, inalienable, settling Hebron had theological significance in some quarters.

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Hebron was ousted by Fahad Qawasimi in the 1976 mayoral election, which marked a shift in support towards pro-PLO nationalist leaders.

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In 2017, Temporary International Presence in Hebron issued a confidential report covering their 20 years of observing the situation in Hebron.

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The northern part of Upper Hebron includes some up-scale residential districts and houses the Hebron University, private hospitals and the only two hotels in the city.

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An international unarmed observer force—the Temporary International Presence in Hebron was established to help the normalization of the situation and to maintain a buffer between the Palestinian Arab population of the city and the Jewish population residing in their enclave in the old city.

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Old City of Hebron was a declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO on 7 July 2017, despite opposition from Israeli officials who objected to it not being called Israeli or Jewish.

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In medieval Christian tradition, Hebron was one of the three cities where Elizabeth was said to live, the legend implying that it might have been the birthplace of John the Baptist.

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