47 Facts About Helmut Kohl

1. In 1999 Helmut Kohl was involved in a scandal arising from the collection of illegal campaign contributions.

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2. Helmut Kohl earned a doctorate in political science at the University of Heidelberg.

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3. Helmut Kohl was born on 3 April 1930 in Ludwigshafen am Rhein.

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4. Helmut Kohl commanded the political discussion on a new East-West relationship.

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5. Helmut Kohl worked to establish a good reputation for West Germany; he wanted the new nation to be seen as independent but trustworthy.

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6. Helmut Kohl campaigned tirelessly to reassure the NATO powers and the Soviet Union that a unified Germany posed no threat.

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7. Helmut Kohl chose to ally West Germany with the United States not because it was the strongest nation, but because it was a fellow democracy.

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8. Helmut Kohl was minister-president of his home state of Rhineland-Palatinate from 1969 until 1976.

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9. Helmut Kohl was then elected as chancellor in 1983 and won every subsequent election until the reunification of Germany.

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10. Helmut Kohl was made chancellor of West Germany in 1982, when the ruling chancellor, Helmut Schmidt, was removed from office by a no-confidence vote.

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11. In 1948, at the age of eighteen, Helmut Kohl was present when young people pulled up boundary posts near an Alsatian village and demonstrated for a free, boundless Europe.

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12. Helmut Kohl spent his childhood in the Ludwigshafen district of Friesenheim.

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13. Helmut Kohl engineered the reunification of his country and then oversaw its rise to economic dominance in Europe.

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14. Helmut Kohl died on June 16, 2017, at his home in Ludwigshafen, Germany.

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15. In 1990, Helmut Kohl received verbal support from Gorbachev for peaceful reunification of Germany.

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16. In 1976, Helmut Kohl entered national politics as a candidate for chancellor of Germany but lost to Social Democratic Party leader Helmut Schmidt.

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17. Helmut Kohl proclaimed his government a "turning point" in German politics.

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18. Helmut Kohl was a moderate, with appeal to liberal voters, and the CSU was at first unenthusiastic about his candidacy.

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19. Helmut Kohl was born in 1930 to a Catholic family in Ludwigshafen, in today's West German province of Rhineland-Pfalz.

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20. Helmut Kohl was interred in the Cathedral Chapter Cemetery in Speyer, directly adjacent to the Konrad Adenauer Park and a few hundred metres to the northwest of the Cathedral.

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21. In 1998, Helmut Kohl was named Honorary Citizen of Europe by the European heads of state or government for his extraordinary work for European integration and cooperation, an honor previously only bestowed on Jean Monnet.

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22. Helmut Kohl could be rude to subordinates and assistants, and confront political adversaries.

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23. Helmut Kohl was a true people's person and loved to be in company of groups.

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24. Helmut Kohl had a strained relationship with British Prime Minister and fellow conservative Margaret Thatcher, although Kohl did allow her secret access to his plans on reunification in March 1990, in order to allay the concerns she shared with Mitterrand.

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25. Helmut Kohl was committed to European integration, maintaining close relations with the French President Francois Mitterrand.

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26. Helmut Kohl published the book Aus Sorge um Europa outlining these criticisms of Merkel (while attacking his immediate successor Gerhard Schroder's Euro policy) and was widely quoted in the press as saying, "Die macht mir mein Europa kaputt" ("That woman is destroying my Europe").

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27. In 2002, Helmut Kohl left the Bundestag and officially retired from politics.

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28. Helmut Kohl was defeated by a large margin in the 1998 federal elections by the Minister-President of Lower Saxony, Gerhard Schroder.

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29. In 1997, Helmut Kohl received the Vision for Europe Award for his efforts in the unification of Europe.

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30. In foreign politics, Helmut Kohl was more successful, for instance getting Frankfurt am Main as the seat for the European Central Bank.

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31. On 18 May 1990, Helmut Kohl signed an economic and social union treaty with East Germany.

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32. In 1987, Helmut Kohl hosted East German leader Erich Honecker—the first ever visit by an East German head of state to West Germany.

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33. Helmut Kohl hoped to draw away right-wing voters from the FDP towards the CSU and went as far as having private meetings with industrialists in North Rhine-Westphalia.

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34. Helmut Kohl was unsuccessful, losing the vote to Barzel 344 to 174.

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35. Helmut Kohl moved up into the federal board of the CDU in 1964.

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36. On 19 May 1969, Helmut Kohl was elected minister-president of Rhineland-Palatinate, as the successor to Peter Altmeier.

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37. On 19 April 1959, Helmut Kohl was elected as the youngest member of the state diet, the Landtag of Rhineland-Palatinate.

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38. In 1954, Helmut Kohl became vice-chair of the Junge Union in Rhineland-Palatinate, being a member of the board until 1961.

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39. In 1953, Helmut Kohl joined the board of the Palatinate branch of the CDU.

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40. In 1947, Helmut Kohl was one of the co-founders of the Junge Union-branch in Ludwigshafen, the CDU youth organisation.

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41. In 1946, Helmut Kohl joined the recently founded CDU, becoming a full member once he turned 18 in 1948.

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42. In 1958, Helmut Kohl received his doctorate degree in history for his dissertation Die politische Entwicklung in der Pfalz und das Wiedererstehen der Parteien nach 1945, under the supervision of the historian Walther Peter Fuchs.

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43. Helmut Kohl was the first in his family to attend university.

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44. In 1951, Helmut Kohl switched to Heidelberg University, where he studied history and political science.

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45. Helmut Kohl was the third child of Hans Kohl, an imperial army veteran and civil servant, and his wife, Cacilie (nee Schnur; 17 November 1891—2 August 1979).

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46. Helmut Kohl was married to Hannelore Helmut Kohl during his entire political career, and they had two sons, Walter Kohl and Peter Kohl.

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47. Helmut Kohl was elected as the youngest member of the Parliament of Rhineland-Palatinate in 1959 and became Minister-President of his home state in 1969.

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