14 Facts About Hittite language


Hittite, known as Nesite, is an extinct Indo-European language that was spoken by the Hittites, a people of Bronze Age Anatolia who created an empire centred on Hattusa, as well as parts of the northern Levant and Upper Mesopotamia.

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Knudtzon argued that Hittite language was Indo-European, largely because of its morphology.

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Hittite language's argument was not generally accepted, partly because the morphological similarities he observed between Hittite and Indo-European can be found outside of Indo-European and because the interpretation of the letters was justifiably regarded as uncertain.

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Hittite language presented his argument that the language is Indo-European in a paper published in 1915, which was followed by a grammar of the language .

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Hrozny's argument for the Indo-European affiliation of Hittite language was thoroughly modern although poorly substantiated.

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Hittite language focused on the striking similarities in idiosyncratic aspects of the morphology that are unlikely to occur independently by chance or to be borrowed.

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Some linguists, most notably Edgar H Sturtevant and Warren Cowgill, have argued that Hittite should be classified as a sister language to Proto-Indo-European, rather than as a daughter language.

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Hittite language was written in an adapted form of Peripheral Akkadian cuneiform orthography from Northern Syria.

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Limitations of the syllabic script in helping to determine the nature of Hittite language phonology have been more or less overcome by means of comparative etymology and an examination of Hittite language spelling-conventions.

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Hittite language had two series of consonants, one which was written always geminate in the original script, and another that was always simple.

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Supporters of a length distinction usually point the fact that Akkadian, the language from which the Hittites borrowed the cuneiform script, had voicing, but Hittite scribes used voiced and voiceless signs interchangeably.

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In Hittite, the phoneme is written as h In that respect, Hittite is unlike any other attested Indo-European language and so the discovery of laryngeals in Hittite was a remarkable confirmation of Saussure's hypothesis.

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Early Hittite language texts have a vocative case for a few nouns with -u, but it ceased to be productive by the time of the earliest discovered sources and was subsumed by the nominative in most documents.

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Hittite language verbs inflect according to two general conjugations, two voices, two moods, two aspects, and two tenses .

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