14 Facts About HIV infection


Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus, a retrovirus.

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HIV infection made the jump from other primates to humans in west-central Africa in the early-to-mid 20th century.

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HIV infection can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy, during delivery, or through breast milk, resulting in the baby contracting HIV infection.

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HIV infection is a retrovirus that primarily infects components of the human immune system such as CD4 T cells, macrophages and dendritic cells.

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HIV infection is a member of the genus Lentivirus, part of the family Retroviridae.

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The hybrid spreading mechanisms of HIV infection contribute to the virus's ongoing replication against antiretroviral therapies.

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The reason for the preferential loss of mucosal CD4 T cells is that the majority of mucosal CD4 T cells express the CCR5 protein which HIV infection uses as a co-receptor to gain access to the cells, whereas only a small fraction of CD4 T cells in the bloodstream do so.

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HIV infection is one of the most important risk factors for tuberculosis.

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HIV infection-1 appears to have originated in southern Cameroon through the evolution of SIV, a simian immunodeficiency virus that infects wild chimpanzees.

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The closest relative of HIV infection-2 is SIV, a virus of the sooty mangabey, an Old World monkey living in coastal West Africa.

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HIV infection was diagnosed as HIV-positive on August 31,1988, having contracted the virus from blood transfusions during heart surgery earlier in the 1980s.

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Criminal transmission of HIV is the intentional or reckless infection of a person with the human immunodeficiency virus.

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In 2014, some among the British public wrongly thought one could get HIV infection from kissing, sharing a glass, spitting, a public toilet seat, and coughing or sneezing.

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Several discredited conspiracy theories have held that HIV infection was created by scientists, either inadvertently or deliberately.

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