25 Facts About Inner Temple


Honourable Society of the Inner Temple, commonly known as the Inner Temple, is one of the four Inns of Court and is a professional associations for barristers and judges.

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The Inner Temple takes its name from the Knights Templar, who originally leased the land to the Inner Temple's inhabitants .

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The Inner Temple was a distinct society from at least 1388, although as with all the Inns of Court its precise date of founding is not known.

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Inner Temple is one of the four Inns of Court, along with Gray's Inn, Lincoln's Inn, and the Middle Temple.

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Inner Temple is an independent, unincorporated organisation, and works as a trust.

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Inner Temple'story of the Inner Temple begins in the early years of the reign of Henry II, when the contingent of Knights Templar in London moved from the Old Temple in Holborn to a new location on the banks of the River Thames, stretching from Fleet Street to what is Essex House.

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The original Inner Temple covered much of what is the northern part of Chancery Lane, which the Knights created to provide access to their new buildings.

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The old Inner Temple eventually became the London palace of the Bishop of Lincoln.

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The Inner Temple was sacked by Wat Tyler and his rebels during the Peasants' Revolt in 1381, with buildings pulled down and records destroyed.

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In winter 1561, the Inner Temple was the scene of an extraordinary set of revels that celebrated the raising of Robert Dudley as the Temple's "Christmas Prince", a role he was granted in gratitude for his intervention in a dispute with the Middle Temple over Lyon's Inn, one of the Inns of Chancery that had historically been tied to the Inner Temple.

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One of these fires destroyed Caesar's Buildings, on Middle Temple Lane where Lamb Buildings now stand, and the site was purchased by Middle Temple from Inner Temple, which needed the proceeds to repair or rebuild other buildings.

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Much of the Inner Temple was rebuilt during the 19th century, most noticeably the Hall and Library, although fever and disease continued as a result of the Inn's outdated systems; the same water was used both for drinking and for flushing the toilet, for example.

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In 1922 the Inner Temple called Ivy Williams to the bar, making her the first female barrister in England and Wales.

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Inner Temple is governed by the Parliament, an executive council made up of the elected Benchers.

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The Inner Temple has a Reader, who traditionally holds the position for a year before being appointed as Treasurer; the Reader for 2020 and 2021 was Judge Deborah Taylor.

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Inner Temple was historically governed by a Treasurer and three Governors.

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Coat of arms of the Inner Temple is, in blazon, "Azure a pegasus salient argent", or a Pegasus.

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Inner Temple is one of the few remaining liberties, an old name for a type of administrative division.

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Inner Temple is noted for its collection of silver and pewter plate, described in the early 20th century as similar in value to that of Oxford or Cambridge University.

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Inner Temple contains many buildings, some modern and some ancient, although only Temple Church dates back to the time of the Knights Templars who originally inhabited the site.

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Inner Temple Gardens were laid out around 1601, with a set of decorated railings added in 1618 with the Temple's pegasus and the griffin of Gray's Inn, a sign of the strong relationship between the two; the design was included in the new iron gates made in 1730, which are still present.

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Original Inner Temple Hall is the Hall or refectory of the original Knights Templar building on the site, and has been dated to the 8th century.

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The Library of the Inner Temple was far superior to those of the other Inns of Court, and "placed the House far in advance of the other societies".

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In 1707 the Inner Temple was offered the Petyt Manuscripts and a sum of £150 to build a new Library, which was completed in 1709 and consisted of three rooms.

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Inner Temple Church has been described as "the finest of the four round churches still existing in London".

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