Joshua Lederberg, ForMemRS was an American molecular biologist known for his work in microbial genetics, artificial intelligence, and the United States space program.
17 Facts About Joshua Lederberg
Joshua Lederberg was 33 years old when he won the 1958 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovering that bacteria can mate and exchange genes.
Joshua Lederberg shared the prize with Edward Tatum and George Beadle, who won for their work with genetics.
Joshua Lederberg graduated from Stuyvesant High School in New York City at the age of 15 in 1941.
Joshua Lederberg enrolled in Columbia University in 1941, majoring in zoology.
Joshua Lederberg went on to receive his undergraduate degree in 1944.
Joshua Lederberg began medical studies at Columbia's College of Physicians and Surgeons while continuing to perform experiments.
In 1946 and 1947, Joshua Lederberg took a leave of absence to study under the mentorship of Tatum at Yale University.
Joshua Lederberg married Esther Miriam Zimmer on December 13,1946.
In 1956, M Laurance Morse, Esther Lederberg and Joshua Lederberg discovered specialized transduction.
Joshua Lederberg has held visiting professorship in Bacteriology at the University of California, Berkeley in summer 1950 and University of Melbourne.
In 1958, Joshua Lederberg received the Nobel Prize and moved to Stanford University, where he was the founder and chairman of the Department of Genetics.
Joshua Lederberg collaborated with Frank Macfarlane Burnet to study viral antibodies.
Joshua Lederberg advised quarantine for returning astronauts and equipment and sterilization of equipment prior to launch.
Joshua Lederberg was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1959 and the American Philosophical Society in 1960.
Joshua Lederberg married fellow scientist Esther Miriam Zimmer in 1946; they divorced in 1966.
Joshua Lederberg was survived by Marguerite, their daughter, Anne Lederberg, and his stepson, David Kirsch.