Avril Phaedra Douglas "Kim" Campbell was born on March 10,1947 and is a Canadian politician, diplomat, lawyer, and writer who served as the 19th prime minister of Canada from June 25 to November 4,1993.
63 Facts About Kim Campbell
Kim Campbell was first elected to the British Columbia Legislative Assembly as a member of the British Columbia Social Credit Party in 1986 before being elected to the House of Commons of Canada as a PC in 1988.
Kim Campbell became the new prime minister in June 1993 after Mulroney resigned in the wake of declining popularity.
Kim Campbell was the first baby boomer to hold the office, as well as the only prime minister born in British Columbia.
Kim Campbell is the chairperson for the Canadian Supreme Court advisory board.
Kim Campbell was born in Port Alberni, British Columbia, the daughter of Phyllis "Lissa" Margaret and George Thomas Kim Campbell, a barrister who had served with the Seaforth Highlanders of Canada in Italy.
Kim Campbell's father was born in Montreal, to Scottish parents from Glasgow.
Kim Campbell was one of five co-hosts and reporters on the CBC children's program Junior Television Club, which aired in May and June 1957.
Kim Campbell's mother left when Campbell was 12, leaving Kim and her sister Alix to be raised by their father.
In Vancouver, Kim Campbell attended Prince of Wales Secondary School and was a top student.
Kim Campbell became the school's first female student president, and graduated in 1964.
Kim Campbell earned an honours bachelor's degree in political science from the University of British Columbia, graduating in 1969.
Kim Campbell was active in the student government and served as the school's first female president of the freshman class.
Kim Campbell then completed a year of graduate study at that school, to qualify for doctoral-level studies.
Kim Campbell entered the London School of Economics in 1970 to study towards her doctorate in Soviet government, and spent three months touring the Soviet Union, from April to June 1972.
Kim Campbell had spent several years studying the Russian language, and claimed she was nearly fluent, although when asked to say a few words of welcome by a reporter to Boris Yeltsin during his visit to Canada in 1993, she could not and could only say "Hello Mr Yeltsin".
Kim Campbell ultimately left her doctoral studies, returning to live in Vancouver after marrying Nathan Divinsky, her longtime partner, in 1972.
Kim Campbell was called to the British Columbia Bar in 1984, and practised law in Vancouver until 1986.
Kim Campbell is the second prime minister of Canada to have been divorced, after Pierre Trudeau.
Kim Campbell briefly dated Gregory Lekhtman, the inventor of Exerlopers, during her term as prime minister, but the relationship was relatively private and she did not involve him in the 1993 election campaign.
Kim Campbell is currently married to Hershey Felder, an actor, playwright, composer, and concert pianist.
Kim Campbell was the unsuccessful British Columbia Social Credit Party candidate in Vancouver Centre for a seat in the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia in 1983, receiving 12,740 votes.
Kim Campbell ran unsuccessfully for the leadership of the Social Credit party the summer of 1986, but was elected in October 1986 to the British Columbia Legislative Assembly as a Social Credit member for Vancouver-Point Grey, getting 19,716 votes.
Kim Campbell decided to leave provincial politics and enter federal politics.
Kim Campbell was elected in the 1988 federal election as the member of Parliament from Vancouver Centre.
Kim Campbell won the party nomination after the incumbent, Pat Carney, declined to stand for renomination.
In 1989, Kim Campbell was appointed to the cabinet as minister of state, a junior role to the minister of Indian and northern affairs.
In 1990, following the Supreme Court's decision to invalidate the country's abortion law, Kim Campbell was responsible for introducing Bill C-43 to govern abortions in Canada.
In 1993, Kim Campbell was transferred to the posts of minister of national defence and minister of veterans affairs.
Kim Campbell said that her decision was delayed by Milgaard's legal team's repeated addition of new submissions to the appeal, which she was not allowed to review until all such submissions were complete.
Kim Campbell says she "told the press [that] Mulroney was much too good a lawyer to intervene improperly" and "never breathed a word" to her about it, nor did anyone in his office attempt to influence her decision.
Kim Campbell had served in four cabinet portfolios prior to running for the party leadership, including three years as minister of justice, and garnered support of more than half the PC caucus when she declared for the leadership.
Kim Campbell cut it from 35 to 23 ministers; she consolidated ministries by creating three new ministries: Health, Canadian Heritage, and Public Security.
Kim Campbell extensively campaigned during the summer, touring the nation and attending barbecues and other events.
Kim Campbell was the first Canadian prime minister not to have resided at 24 Sussex Drive since that address became the official home of the prime minister of Canada in 1951.
Kim Campbell instead took up residence at Harrington Lake, the PM's summer and weekend retreat, located in rural Quebec, north of Ottawa, and she did not move into 24 Sussex after Mulroney left.
Kim Campbell disavowed direct responsibility for the ad, and claimed to have ordered it off the air over her staff's objections.
Kim Campbell herself was defeated in Vancouver Centre by rookie Liberal Hedy Fry.
Kim Campbell considerably hampered his own party's campaign effort by staging a very lavish international farewell tour at taxpayer expense, and by delaying his retirement until only.
Canadian humourist Will Ferguson suggested that Kim Campbell should receive "some of the blame" for her party's losses, but that "taking over the party leadership from Brian was a lot like taking over the controls of a 747 just before it plunges into the Rockies".
On December 13,1993, Kim Campbell resigned as party leader; Jean Charest succeeded her.
Kim Campbell was briefly rumoured to be sent to Moscow as the ambassador to Russia, but in 1996, Campbell was appointed consul general to Los Angeles by the Chretien government, a post in which she remained until 2000.
Kim Campbell was succeeded by former Irish President Mary Robinson.
Kim Campbell has served as a director of several publicly traded companies in high technology and biotechnology, and currently sits on the board of Athenex, a biopharmaceutical company that had its initial public offering on June 14,2017, and trades under the ticker symbol ATNX.
Kim Campbell chaired the steering committee of the World Movement for Democracy from 2008 to 2015.
Kim Campbell served on the board of the International Crisis Group, a non-government organization that aims to prevent and resolve deadly conflicts.
Kim Campbell served on the board of the Forum of Federations, the EastWest Institute, and is a founding trustee of The International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence at King's College London.
Kim Campbell was a founding member of the Club de Madrid, an independent organization whose main purpose is to strengthen democracy in the world.
At different times, Kim Campbell has served as its interim president, vice president, and from 2004 to 2006, its secretary general.
Kim Campbell was the founding chair of the International Advisory Board of the Ukrainian Foundation for Effective Governance, an NGO formed in September 2007 with the aid of businessman Rinat Akhmetov.
At that time, Kim Campbell clarified to reporters that she was a supporter of the new Conservative Party ; however, she later clarified in 2019 that she had, in fact, never joined the Conservative Party as an official member.
Kim Campbell has appeared on the CBC Television program Canada's Next Great Prime Minister, a show which profiles and selects young prospective leaders, and has been an occasional panelist on Real Time with Bill Maher.
The President's son Eric responded to Kim Campbell, saying that his family was "rooting for the safety" of those impacted by the hurricane.
Kim Campbell soon deleted the tweet and apologized for the remarks.
Kim Campbell courted controversy on Twitter by claiming that female newscasters who expose their "arms" on TV are taken less seriously, despite having once posed with bare shoulders herself in a famously suggestive photograph.
Kim Campbell revealed in Maclean's in 2019 that she could not survive in the Conservative party.
In September 2022, Kim Campbell attended Elizabeth II's state funeral, along with other former Canadian prime ministers.
Kim Campbell did implement radical changes, though, to the structure of the Canadian government.
Kim Campbell's successors have continued to keep the size of the federal Cabinet to about 30 members.
Kim Campbell was the first prime minister to convene a First Ministers' conference for consultation prior to representing Canada at the G7 Summit.
Kim Campbell harshly criticized Mulroney for not allowing her to succeed him before June 1993.
Kim Campbell remains one of the youngest women to have ever assumed the office of Prime Minister in any country, and thus one of the youngest to have left the office.
Kim Campbell was cited for her status as the only woman head of government of a North American country, but controversy ensued among academics in Canada over the merit of this honour, since her brief term in office was marked by very few, if any, major political accomplishments.