101 Facts About Langston Hughes

1. Langston Hughes was many things: a poet, a playwright, a newspaper columnist, a novelist.

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2. Langston Hughes passed away in May of 1967 at 65 years old due to complications after abdominal surgery related to prostate cancer.

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3. Langston Hughes is one of the recipients of the 2019 Langston Hughes Hughes Creative Writing Awards.

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4. Langston Hughes spent one year in Mexico and one year at Columbia University in New York City after graduating from high school.

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5. In 1926, poet Langston Hughes published "Dream Variations", a poem that imagines a time and place where African-Americans could finally be free.

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6. Langston Hughes was primarily raised by his maternal grandmother Mary Patterson.

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7. Langston Hughes was the second child, and the only one to survive till adulthood, of James Nathaniel Hughes and his wife Caroline Mercer Langston.

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8. Langston Hughes wore many hats: writer, poet, world traveler, racial justice advocate, and central figure of the Harlem Renaissance.

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9. Langston Hughes moved away from overtly political poems and towards more lyric subjects.

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10. Langston Hughes was more of a sympathizer than an active participant.

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11. Langston Hughes found some new writers, among them James Baldwin, lacking in such pride, over-intellectual in their work, and occasionally vulgar.

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12. Langston Hughes wrote novels, short stories, plays, poetry, operas, essays, and works for children.

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13. Langston Hughes finished the book at a Carmel, California cottage provided for a year by Noel Sullivan, another patron.

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14. On May 22, 1967, Langston Hughes died in the Stuyvesant Polyclinic in New York City at the age of 65 from complications after abdominal surgery related to prostate cancer.

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15. Langston Hughes was attracted more to the African-American people and neighborhood of Harlem than to his studies, but he continued writing poetry.

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16. Langston Hughes lived briefly with his father in Mexico in 1919.

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17. Langston Hughes was raised mainly in Lawrence, Kansas, by his maternal grandmother, Mary Patterson Langston.

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18. Langston Hughes moved to New York City as a young man, where he made his career.

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19. Langston Hughes received numerous fellowships, awards, and honorary degrees, including the Anisfield-Wolf Award (1953) for a book on improving race relations.

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20. Langston Hughes had resumed his education in 1925 and graduated from Lincoln University in 1929.

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21. Langston Hughes transformed the bitterness which such themes generated in many African Americans of the day into sharp irony and humor.

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22. Langston Hughes spent the year after high school in Mexico with his father, who tried to discourage him from writing.

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23. Langston Hughes was born in Joplin, Missouri, on February 1, 1902, to Carrie M Langston and James N Hughes.

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24. Langston Hughes was a well-known writer and poet who lived from 1902 to 1967.

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25. Langston Hughes was born on February 1, 1902 in Missouri.

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26. Langston Hughes titled this poem "Harlem" after the New York neighborhood that became the center of the Harlem Renaissance, a major creative explosion in music, literature, and art that occurred during the 1910s and 1920s.

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27. Langston Hughes was cremated after his death and his remains are interred beneath a floor medallion in the middle of the foyer in the Arthur Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture in Harlem.

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28. Langston Hughes was a key player in the Harlem Renaissance and became well-known after its zenith as a poet, civil rights activist, novelist, playwright, and journalist.

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29. In 1932, Langston Hughes went to the Soviet Union, where he worked as a journalist.

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30. Langston Hughes began to publish poems with the same passionate language and rhythms contained in the jazz and blues music he had heard in Harlem and Paris nightclubs.

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31. Langston Hughes continued to write as he worked in a series of menial jobs while living in Harlem in Manhattan to help support himself and his mother.

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32. In 1920, Langston Hughes went to live with his father in Mexico where he taught English to the children of wealthy Mexicans.

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33. Langston Hughes was an integral part of the Harlem Renaissance, a period during the 1920s and 1930s that was characterized by an artistic flowering of African American writers, musicians, and visual artists.

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34. Langston Hughes noted that many of his early African-American critics "wanted to put their best foot forward, their politely polished and cultural foot—and only that foot" in terms of literature.

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35. Langston Hughes quit Columbia after a year and decided to acquire a more worldly education.

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36. Langston Hughes joined his father in Mexico City briefly in 1919, moved back to Cleveland to complete high school, and then upon receiving his diploma in 1920, returned to Mexico City.

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37. Langston Hughes initially did not favor black American involvement in the war because of the persistence of discriminatory US Jim Crow laws existing while blacks were encouraged to fight against Fascism and the Axis powers.

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38. Langston Hughes was involved in other Communist-led organizations like the John Reed Clubs and the League of Struggle for Negro Rights.

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39. Langston Hughes has cited him as an influence on his poetry.

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40. Langston Hughes stated that in retrospect he thought it was because of the stereotype that African Americans have rhythm.

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41. Langston Hughes is best known for his work during the Harlem Renaissance.

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42. Langston Hughes was an American poet, social activist, novelist, playwright, and columnist.

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43. Langston Hughes wrote his most famous poem when he was only seventeen.

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44. Langston Hughes was one of the early innovators of the genre of poetry known as Jazz Poetry, which demonstrates jazz like rhythms.

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45. Langston Hughes is most closely associated with his beloved Harlem, the community where he spent the majority of his adult life.

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46. Langston Hughes is well-documented as one of the most powerful voices to come out of the Harlem Renaissance movement.

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47. Langston Hughes died of complications from prostate cancer on May 22, 1967, in New York City.

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48. In 1930, a year after Langston Hughes graduated from Lincoln University in Pennsylvania, his novel Not Without Laughter was published.

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49. Langston Hughes continued to create his detailed portraits of Harlem life in Fine Clothes to the Jew, which features finely crafted poems written in the language of the streets.

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50. Langston Hughes persuaded his father to pay for a year at Columbia University in New York City, where he was supposed to study engineering.

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51. Langston Hughes was given a grand funeral that ended with the playing of Duke Ellington's "Do Nothing Until You Hear from Me", and then a small group of friends gathered to join hands and recite his early, celebrated poem "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" as his body was wheeled into a crematorium.

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52. Langston Hughes returned to the United States in 1933 and moved into Noel Sullivan's home, Ennesfree, in Carmel, California.

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53. Langston Hughes spent some time touring Asia, stopping in Shanghai, China, and Tokyo, Japan, where he was questioned by the police as a suspicious person and finally sent out of the country.

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54. Langston Hughes got his opportunity in 1931, when he joined a group of twenty African Americans whom the government of the then-Soviet Union had invited to Moscow to produce a film about the African American experience.

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55. Langston Hughes was apparently very upset about his break with Mason, even to the point of feeling physically ill.

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56. Langston Hughes had greatly admired Charlotte Mason and deeply appreciated her help; she had given him many opportunities—not only to work free from worries about money but to enrich himself culturally.

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57. Langston Hughes intended in Not Without Laughter to portray a typical black family in Kansas, where he had lived as a child, but he did not use his own family as a model.

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58. Langston Hughes was still a student at Lincoln when, on a weekend trip to New York, he met an elderly white woman named Charlotte Mason.

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59. Langston Hughes finally managed to get a job on a ship bound for the United States, and he arrived back in New York with twenty-five cents in his pocket and a sheaf of new poems.

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60. In the spring of 1923, Langston Hughes left New York for a period of sea travel, serving as a cook's assistant on a freighter that would take him to Africa for the first time.

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61. In 1961, Langston Hughes was inducted to the National Institute of Arts and Letters.

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62. Langston Hughes found a job on a freighter that took him to western Africa, Paris, and Italy.

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63. Langston Hughes published the first of his signature poems, "The Negro Speaks of Rivers", in Crisis magazine in 1921, the same year he enrolled at Columbia University in New York.

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64. Langston Hughes received numerous fellowships, awards, and honorary degrees, including the Anisfield-Wolf Award (1953) for a book on improving race relations.

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65. Langston Hughes transformed the bitterness which such themes generated in many African Americans of the day into sharp irony and humor.

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66. Langston Hughes spent the year after high school in Mexico with his father, who tried to discourage him from writing.

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67. Langston Hughes graduated from high school in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1920.

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68. Langston Hughes wrote a number of books on history and black biography for younger readers, including Famous Negro Heroes of America, which treated such historical figures as Frederick Douglass and Harriet Tubman.

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69. Langston Hughes eventually broke off his relationship with Mason as the two began to differ on the subject matter of his writing.

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70. In the spring of 1927, Langston Hughes met a wealthy white woman, Charlotte Mason, who became his literary patron and provided him with a steady income while he worked on his first novel, Not without Laughter.

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71. Langston Hughes went on to write many poems in 1925 and 1926, eventually receiving the Amy Spingarn poetry award from the Crisis.

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72. Langston Hughes made numerous trips to Harlem, where he became acquainted with such prominent literary figures as Jean Toomer, Countee Cullen, and Ama Bontemps.

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73. Langston Hughes had resumed his education in 1925 and graduated from Lincoln University in 1929.

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74. Langston Hughes transformed the bitterness which such themes generated in many of his African American contemporaries into sharp irony, gentle satire, and humor.

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75. Langston Hughes spent the next year in Mexico with his father, who tried to discourage him from writing.

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76. Langston Hughes worked as a lecturer in Atlanta University and Chicago University and taught creative writing in the late 1940s.

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77. Langston Hughes spent the 1930s travelling often to give lectures in the United States, Japan, Soviet Union and Haiti.

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78. In 1929, Langston Hughes published his first book, Not Without Laughter.

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79. Langston Hughes came out with his second poetry book in 1927, Fine Clothes to the Jew.

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80. Langston Hughes worked in various jobs after his return to the United States in 1925.

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81. Langston Hughes joined the engineering course at Columbia University in the United States and took a significant part in Harlem Renaissance, a promising cultural group of Harlem.

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82. Langston Hughes passed away at the age of 65 in New York City on 22nd May 1967.

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83. Langston Hughes decided to live for two years with James and Mary Reed after the death of his grandmother.

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84. Langston Hughes lived on East 127th Street in Harlem for much of his writing life.

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85. Langston Hughes was looking for alternatives to segregation that might be viable.

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86. Langston Hughes visited Haiti and Cuba in 1932, and after traveling to the Soviet Union as part of an ill-fated film project, he wound through Central Asia and the Far East before heading home.

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87. Langston Hughes published his first memoir, The Big Sea, when he was only 38 years old, but he was first asked to write it even earlier.

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88. Langston Hughes died on May 22, 1967 in New York City due to complications after abdominal surgery related to prostate cancer.

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89. Langston Hughes went on to be among the primary contributors of Harlem Renaissance with his work playing a pivotal role in the movement.

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90. Langston Hughes became involved in the movement from the time he studied at Columbia University.

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91. In the year after his graduation, Langston Hughes's debut novel Not Without Laughter was published.

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92. In 1926, Langston Hughes joined the Lincoln University, a historically black university in Chester County, Pennsylvania.

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93. Langston Hughes is famous for his Jazz poetry and was one of the earliest innovators in the genre.

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94. Langston Hughes is renowned as the leading figure of the African American cultural, social and artistic movement Harlem Renaissance.

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95. Langston Hughes documented African American literature and culture in works such as A Pictorial History of the Negro in America and the anthologies The Poetry of the Negro (1949) and The Book of Negro Folklore (1958; with Bontemps).

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96. Langston Hughes received a scholarship to, and began attending, Lincoln University in Pennsylvania in early 1926.

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97. On May 22, 1967, Langston Hughes died from complications of prostate cancer.

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98. In the late 1940s, Langston Hughes contributed the lyrics for a Broadway musical titled Street Scene, which featured music by Kurt Weill.

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99. Langston Hughes was born on February 1, 1902, in Joplin, Missouri.

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100. Langston Hughes was a prominent figure in writing about the struggles of African Americans.

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101. Langston Hughes was featured prominently in a national campaign sponsored by the Center for Inquiry known as African Americans for Humanism.

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