1. Langston Hughes was many things: a poet, a playwright, a newspaper columnist, a novelist.
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5. In 1926, poet Langston Hughes published "Dream Variations", a poem that imagines a time and place where African-Americans could finally be free.
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8. Langston Hughes wore many hats: writer, poet, world traveler, racial justice advocate, and central figure of the Harlem Renaissance.
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11. Langston Hughes found some new writers, among them James Baldwin, lacking in such pride, over-intellectual in their work, and occasionally vulgar.
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14. On May 22, 1967, Langston Hughes died in the Stuyvesant Polyclinic in New York City at the age of 65 from complications after abdominal surgery related to prostate cancer.
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15. Langston Hughes was attracted more to the African-American people and neighborhood of Harlem than to his studies, but he continued writing poetry.
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18. Langston Hughes moved to New York City as a young man, where he made his career.
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21. Langston Hughes transformed the bitterness which such themes generated in many African Americans of the day into sharp irony and humor.
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26. Langston Hughes titled this poem "Harlem" after the New York neighborhood that became the center of the Harlem Renaissance, a major creative explosion in music, literature, and art that occurred during the 1910s and 1920s.
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28. Langston Hughes was a key player in the Harlem Renaissance and became well-known after its zenith as a poet, civil rights activist, novelist, playwright, and journalist.
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29. In 1932, Langston Hughes went to the Soviet Union, where he worked as a journalist.
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30. Langston Hughes began to publish poems with the same passionate language and rhythms contained in the jazz and blues music he had heard in Harlem and Paris nightclubs.
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33. Langston Hughes was an integral part of the Harlem Renaissance, a period during the 1920s and 1930s that was characterized by an artistic flowering of African American writers, musicians, and visual artists.
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40. Langston Hughes stated that in retrospect he thought it was because of the stereotype that African Americans have rhythm.
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41. Langston Hughes is best known for his work during the Harlem Renaissance.
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45. Langston Hughes is most closely associated with his beloved Harlem, the community where he spent the majority of his adult life.
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46. Langston Hughes is well-documented as one of the most powerful voices to come out of the Harlem Renaissance movement.
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47. Langston Hughes died of complications from prostate cancer on May 22, 1967, in New York City.
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49. Langston Hughes continued to create his detailed portraits of Harlem life in Fine Clothes to the Jew, which features finely crafted poems written in the language of the streets.
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51. Langston Hughes was given a grand funeral that ended with the playing of Duke Ellington's "Do Nothing Until You Hear from Me", and then a small group of friends gathered to join hands and recite his early, celebrated poem "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" as his body was wheeled into a crematorium.
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52. Langston Hughes returned to the United States in 1933 and moved into Noel Sullivan's home, Ennesfree, in Carmel, California.
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56. Langston Hughes had greatly admired Charlotte Mason and deeply appreciated her help; she had given him many opportunities—not only to work free from worries about money but to enrich himself culturally.
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59. Langston Hughes finally managed to get a job on a ship bound for the United States, and he arrived back in New York with twenty-five cents in his pocket and a sheaf of new poems.
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62. Langston Hughes found a job on a freighter that took him to western Africa, Paris, and Italy.
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63. Langston Hughes published the first of his signature poems, "The Negro Speaks of Rivers", in Crisis magazine in 1921, the same year he enrolled at Columbia University in New York.
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65. Langston Hughes transformed the bitterness which such themes generated in many African Americans of the day into sharp irony and humor.
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67. Langston Hughes graduated from high school in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1920.
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68. Langston Hughes wrote a number of books on history and black biography for younger readers, including Famous Negro Heroes of America, which treated such historical figures as Frederick Douglass and Harriet Tubman.
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70. In the spring of 1927, Langston Hughes met a wealthy white woman, Charlotte Mason, who became his literary patron and provided him with a steady income while he worked on his first novel, Not without Laughter.
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72. Langston Hughes made numerous trips to Harlem, where he became acquainted with such prominent literary figures as Jean Toomer, Countee Cullen, and Ama Bontemps.
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80. Langston Hughes worked in various jobs after his return to the United States in 1925.
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82. Langston Hughes passed away at the age of 65 in New York City on 22nd May 1967.
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88. Langston Hughes died on May 22, 1967 in New York City due to complications after abdominal surgery related to prostate cancer.
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89. Langston Hughes went on to be among the primary contributors of Harlem Renaissance with his work playing a pivotal role in the movement.
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90. Langston Hughes became involved in the movement from the time he studied at Columbia University.
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94. Langston Hughes is renowned as the leading figure of the African American cultural, social and artistic movement Harlem Renaissance.
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95. Langston Hughes documented African American literature and culture in works such as A Pictorial History of the Negro in America and the anthologies The Poetry of the Negro (1949) and The Book of Negro Folklore (1958; with Bontemps).
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98. In the late 1940s, Langston Hughes contributed the lyrics for a Broadway musical titled Street Scene, which featured music by Kurt Weill.
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100. Langston Hughes was a prominent figure in writing about the struggles of African Americans.
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101. Langston Hughes was featured prominently in a national campaign sponsored by the Center for Inquiry known as African Americans for Humanism.
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