48 Facts About James Baldwin

1. James Baldwin passed away on December 1, 1987 suffering from esophageal cancer.

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2. James Baldwin was a celebrated twentieth century African-American literary figure.

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3. James Baldwin would serve as a major force behind Brando's participation in the Civil Rights Movement.

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4. James Baldwin was such a compelling author he inspired the FBI to compile a 1,884-page dossier on him.

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5. James Baldwin responded with three powerful books of essays: Nobody Knows My Name, The Fire Next Time (1963), in which he all but predicts the outbursts of black anger to come, and More Notes of a Native Son.

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6. James Baldwin was born in Harlem, New York City, on August 2, 1924, the oldest of nine children.

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7. James Baldwin was raised in a Pentecostal church, dominated by the theology of "sinners in the hand of an angry God.

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8. James Baldwin was a novelist, essayist, playwright, poet, scriptwriter, and filmmaker.

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9. James Baldwin credits Bessie Smith as the inspiration that allowed him to complete Go Tell It on the Mountain.

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10. James Baldwin explored his conflicted relationship with Wright in a series of moving essays, including "Alas, Poor Richard", published in Nobody Knows My Name.

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11. James Baldwin died of stomach cancer in 1987, leaving several projects unfinished.

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12. James Baldwin spent much of the last fifteen years of his life in France, but he never gave up his American citizenship.

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13. James Baldwin realized that his essays were reaching a white audience and as the Civil Rights Movement gained momentum he sought to warn whites about the potential destruction their behavior patterns might wreak.

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14. James Baldwin probed the issues of race with emphasis on self-determination, identity, and reality.

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15. James Baldwin died on December 1, 1987, at his home in St Paul de Vence, France.

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16. James Baldwin spent years sharing his experiences and views as a college professor.

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17. James Baldwin published a collection of short stories, Going to Meet the Man, around this time.

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18. James Baldwin wrote another play, Blues for Mister Charlie, which debuted on Broadway in 1964.

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19. James Baldwin was open about his homosexuality and relationships with both men and women.

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20. James Baldwin had his first novel, Go Tell It on the Mountain, published in 1953.

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21. James Baldwin was born to a young single mother, Emma Jones, at Harlem Hospital.

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22. James Baldwin remains ephemeral, but Als gives us sets of constellations that we can use to produce our own vision of Baldwin.

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23. James Baldwin penned an essay for Literary Hub, in which he reflects on his relationship with his mother and publicly coming out.

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24. James Baldwin had to admit that the essay in question had not even been begun.

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25. James Baldwin had long admired the acclaimed director's work, going all the way back to his 2008 debut Medicine for Melancholy.

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26. James Baldwin was a cousin and close friend of Nobel Prize-winning novelist Toni Morrison.

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27. James Baldwin wrote at length about his "political relationship" with Malcolm X James Baldwin collaborated with childhood friend Richard Avedon on the 1964 book Nothing Personal.

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28. When James Baldwin was 15 years old, his high-school running buddy, Emile Capouya, skipped school one day and, in Greenwich Village, met Beauford Delaney, a painter.

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29. In 2012 James Baldwin was inducted into the Legacy Walk, an outdoor public display that celebrates LGBT history and people.

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30. James Baldwin was a close friend of Nobel Prize-winning novelist Toni Morrison.

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31. James Baldwin was made a Commandeur de la Legion d'Honneur by the French government in 1986.

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32. James Baldwin wrote at length about his "political relationship" with Malcolm X James Baldwin collaborated with childhood friend Richard Avedon on the book Nothing Personal.

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33. James Baldwin influenced the work of French painter Philippe Derome, whom he met in Paris in the early 1960s.

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34. James Baldwin was a close friend of the singer, pianist, and civil rights activist Nina Simone.

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35. In 1968, James Baldwin signed the "Writers and Editors War Tax Protest" pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against the Vietnam War.

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36. In March 1965, James Baldwin joined marchers who walked 50 miles from Selma, Alabama, to the capitol in Montgomery under the protection of federal troops.

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37. James Baldwin made a prominent appearance at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom on August 28, 1963, with Belafonte and long-time friends Sidney Poitier and Marlon Brando.

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38. James Baldwin expressed the hope that socialism would take root in the United States.

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39. James Baldwin was again resisting labels with the publication of this work.

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40. James Baldwin learned to speak French fluently and developed friendships with French actor Yves Montand and French writer Marguerite Yourcenar, who translated Baldwin's play The Amen Corner.

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41. James Baldwin settled in Saint-Paul-de-Vence in the south of France in 1970, in an old Provencal house beneath the ramparts of the famous village.

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42. James Baldwin would spend some time in Switzerland and Turkey.

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43. James Baldwin started to publish his work in literary anthologies, notably Zero, which was edited by his friend Themistocles Hoetis and which had already published essays by Richard Wright.

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44. James Baldwin befriended the actor Marlon Brando in 1944 and the two were roommates for a time.

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45. When James Baldwin was 15, his high-school running buddy, Emile Capouya, skipped school one day and, in Greenwich Village, met Beauford Delaney, a painter.

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46. James Baldwin once wrote, "If the concept of God has any use, it is to make us larger, freer, and more loving.

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47. James Baldwin answered, "I left the church 20 years ago and haven't joined anything since.

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48. James Baldwin was born in Indiana and made a career as an educator and administrator there starting at the age of 24.

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