84 Facts About Malcolm X

1. Malcolm X was largely credited with increasing membership in the NOI from 500 in 1952 to 30,000 in 1963.

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2. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska.

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3. Malcolm X brought additional bad publicity to the Nation when he declared publicly that Pres.

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4. Malcolm X quit smoking and gambling and refused to eat pork in keeping with the Nation's dietary restrictions.

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5. In 1946, Malcolm X was sentenced to prison for breaking and entering and stealing property.

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6. Malcolm X was three years old when his father, Earl died.

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7. On February 21, 1965, Malcolm X took the stage for a speech at the Audubon Ballroom in northern Manhattan.

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8. Malcolm X was the fourth of eight children born to Louise, a homemaker, and Earl Little, a preacher who was an active member of the local chapter of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and avid supporter of black nationalist leader Marcus Garvey.

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9. Malcolm X enrolled at Malcolm X College, one of the seven City Colleges of Chicago, to earn a medical assistant certificate.

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10. Malcolm X told Haley, "If I'm alive when this book comes out, it will be a miracle.

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11. Malcolm X is largely responsible for the spread of Islam in the black community in the United States.

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12. Malcolm X is credited with raising the self-esteem of black Americans and reconnecting them with their African heritage.

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13. Malcolm X said that African Americans were wrong when they thought of themselves as a minority; globally, black people were the majority.

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14. Malcolm X emphasized the "direct connection" between the domestic struggle of African Americans for equal rights with the independence struggles of Third World nations.

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15. Malcolm X addressed public meetings of the Socialist Workers Party, speaking at their Militant Labor Forum.

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16. Malcolm X spoke regularly at meetings held by MMI and the OAAU, and was one of the most sought-after speakers on college campuses.

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17. Malcolm X expressed a desire to work with other civil rights leaders, saying that Elijah Muhammad had prevented him from doing so in the past.

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18. Malcolm X was still a Muslim, he said, but felt that the Nation had "gone as far as it can" because of its rigid teachings.

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19. Malcolm X inspired the boxer Cassius Clay to join the Nation, and the two became close; In January 1964, Clay brought MalcolmX and his family to Miami to watch him train for his fight against Sonny Liston.

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20. Malcolm X proposed that African Americans should return to Africa and that, in the interim, a separate country for black people in America should be created.

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21. Malcolm X explained in his autobiography that the Muslim's "X" symbolized the true African family name that he could never know.

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22. Malcolm X befriended John Elroy Sanford, a fellow dishwasher at Jimmy's Chicken Shack in Harlem who aspired to be a professional comedian.

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23. Malcolm X continued to emphasize Pan-Africanism, black self-determination, and black self-defense.

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24. Malcolm X repudiated the Nation of Islam, disavowed racism and founded Muslim Mosque, Inc and the Organization of Afro-American Unity.

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25. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little in 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska.

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26. Malcolm X was an important leader of the civil rights movement.

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27. Malcolm X would be pronounced dead at Columbia Presbyterian Hospital that evening.

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28. Malcolm X had only spoken words of greetings to the crowd at the Audubon Ballroom before men identified as Thomas Hagan, Norman Butler and Thomas Johnson rushed the ballroom stage and fired several gunshots at close range.

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29. Malcolm X was expected to blame Nation of Islam members for fire bombing his home.

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30. Malcolm X was giving a speech to the Organization of Afro-American Unity.

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31. Malcolm X began holding meetings in Harlem at which he discussed the policies and programs of his new organizations.

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32. Malcolm X was one of the most influential leader of the Black Civil Rights Movement.

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33. Malcolm X founded the newspaper, Muhammad Speaks, which he printed in the basement of his home.

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34. Malcolm X worked feverishly to improve his reading and writing skills.

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35. On March 8, 1964, Malcolm X publicly announced his break from the Nation of Islam.

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36. Malcolm X is a prominent African-American civil rights activist and Muslim minister who introduced black nationalism and racial pride during the 1950s and 60s.

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37. Malcolm X was a civil rights leader who promoted the ideas of black nationalism, Islam, and civil liberties for African Americans.

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38. In 1964, Malcolm X decided to break from the Nation of Islam and to take the Muslim pilgrimage of hajj, which required Malcolm to travel to Mecca in Saudi Arabia.

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39. Malcolm X was a famous civil rights leader who became one of the most important people to fight for the equality of African Americans in the United States.

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40. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska, on May 19, 1925; he dropped the "slave name" Little and adopted the initial X when he became a member of the Nation of Islam.

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41. In 2010, Malcolm X was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".

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42. Malcolm X was released in North America on November 18, 1992.

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43. Malcolm X is the first non-documentary, and the first American film, to be given permission to film in Mecca.

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44. Malcolm X suspected his life was in danger as well.

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45. Malcolm X explained that his observations during his visit to Mecca caused him to re-evaluate his beliefs.

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46. In 1964, Malcolm X visited Mecca, the birthplace of the prophet Muhammad in c 570 in Saudi Arabia.

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47. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska, on May 19, 1925.

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48. Malcolm X was one of the most charismatic and controversial public figures of the 1960s.

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49. Malcolm X began an intense period of self-education, making good use of the prison library, and joined the Nation of Islam.

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50. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska, one of eight children in his family.

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51. Malcolm X performed all the rituals associated with the umrah.

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52. Malcolm X was a minister, orator, American Black Muslim, and a prominent leader of the Nation of Islam until his break with the organization.

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53. Malcolm X was born in Omaha, Nebraska, one of eight children of Earl Little, an outspoken minister, and Louise Norton Little.

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54. Malcolm X sought an aggressive and militant, or combative, response to racial injustice and inequality.

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55. Malcolm X was rushed to Columbia Presbyterian Hospital, but was pronounced dead from gunshot wounds to the chest shortly after arrival.

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56. On Sunday, February 21, 1965, Malcolm X arrived at the Audubon Ballroom on West 166th Street in Harlem to speak to a crowd of about four hundred.

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57. Malcolm X met with two former female employees of the Nation of Islam, who had filed paternity lawsuits against Elijah Muhammad.

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58. Malcolm X was born on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska, as Malcolm Little.

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59. On February 21, 1965, Malcolm X was assassinated while delivering a lecture at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem.

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60. Malcolm X became the most prominent national spokesman for the Black Muslims.

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61. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebr.

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62. On February 21, 1965, Malcolm X was assassinated at the Audubon Ballroom in New York City, in front of a large crowd that included his wife and children.

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63. Malcolm X quickly distinguished himself as the most feared, controversial, and articulate race critic in the United States.

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64. Malcolm X began holding meetings in Harlem at which he discussed the policies and programs of his new organizations.

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65. Malcolm X announced that he planned to take the black struggle to an international audience by putting black people's complaints against the United States before the United Nations.

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66. Malcolm X became assistant minister of the Detroit Mosque, or Muslim house of worship.

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67. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska.

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68. Malcolm X is the first film about an African American to be given a blockbuster budget by a Hollywood studio.

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69. Malcolm X was a nation of islam minister and a black nationalist leader in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s.

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70. Malcolm X characterized his life then as one completely lacking in self-respect.

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71. Malcolm X was proud with the Nation of Islam as he stated in his autobiography.

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72. Malcolm X was introduced with Nation of Islam when he was in the prison.

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73. In 1950, he started signing his name as Malcolm X, viewing the surname "Little" as another tool of oppression.

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74. Malcolm X was assassinated on February 21, 1965, at the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem, New York, by members of the Nation of Islam—the religious group to which he had once belonged.

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75. Malcolm X parted ways from the organization in 1964 and undertook the hajj—the traditional Islamic pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca.

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76. Malcolm X was one of the most significant figures within the American black nationalist movement.

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77. Malcolm X was a black political activist, speaker, and Muslim minister.

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78. Malcolm X was a Muslim minister, a black political activist, and public speaker.

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79. Malcolm X made the Hajj, the traditional Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, during which he converted to traditional Islam and again changed his name, this time to El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz.

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80. Malcolm X became the minister of Temple No 7 in Harlem and Temple No 11 in Boston, while founding new temples in Hartford and Philadelphia.

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81. In 1938, Malcolm X was kicked out of school and sent to a juvenile detention home in Mason, Michigan.

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82. Malcolm X was born on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska.

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83. Malcolm X was a minister, human rights activist and prominent black nationalist leader who served as a spokesman for the Nation of Islam during the 1950s and 1960s.

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84. Malcolm X was born in 1925, and assassinated on Feb 21, 1965 in New York City, after a relatively short life of immense struggle for the rights of black people.

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