40 Facts About Martin Luther

1. Martin Luther switched from Latin to German in his writing to appeal to a broader audience.

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2. Martin Luther made effective use of Johannes Gutenberg's printing press to spread his views.

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3. Martin Luther was buried in the Castle Church in Wittenberg, beneath the pulpit.

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4. Martin Luther thanked God for revealing his Son to him in whom he had believed.

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5. Martin Luther was the most widely read author of his generation, and within Germany he acquired the status of a prophet.

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6. Martin Luther spoke out against the Jews in Saxony, Brandenburg, and Silesia.

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7. Martin Luther considered the Jews blasphemers and liars because they rejected the divinity of Jesus.

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8. Martin Luther told him to "tell a good, strong lie" and deny the marriage completely, which Philip did during the subsequent public controversy.

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9. Martin Luther responded to these assertions in other writings, such as his 1539 open letter to C Guttel Against the Antinomians, and his book On the Councils and the Church from the same year.

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10. Martin Luther went on to produce several critical pamphlets on Islam, which he called "Mohammedanism" or "the Turk".

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11. Around the time of the Siege of Vienna, Martin Luther wrote a prayer for national deliverance from the Turks, asking God to "give to our emperor perpetual victory over our enemies".

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12. Martin Luther had argued against resisting the Turks in his 1518 Explanation of the Ninety-five Theses, provoking accusations of defeatism.

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13. Martin Luther insisted on the Real Presence of the body and blood of Christ in the consecrated bread and wine, which he called the sacramental union, while his opponents believed God to be only spiritually or symbolically present.

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14. Martin Luther adopted a preexisting Johann Walter tune associated with a hymnic setting of Psalm 67's prayer for grace; Wolf Heintz's four-part setting of the hymn was used to introduce the Lutheran Reformation in Halle in 1541.

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15. Martin Luther wrote two hymns on the Ten Commandments, "" and "Mensch, willst du leben seliglich".

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16. Martin Luther transformed A solus ortus cardine to "" and Veni Creator Spiritus to "" ("Come, Holy Spirit, Lord God").

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17. Martin Luther wrote "Ach Gott, vom Himmel sieh darein".

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18. Martin Luther wrote "Aus tiefer Not schrei ich zu dir" in 1523 as a hymnic version of Psalm 130 and sent it as a sample to encourage his colleagues to write psalm-hymns for use in German worship.

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19. Martin Luther continued to work on refining the translation until the end of his life.

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20. Martin Luther had published his German translation of the New Testament in 1522, and he and his collaborators completed the translation of the Old Testament in 1534, when the whole Bible was published.

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21. Martin Luther provided simplified versions of the baptism and marriage services.

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22. Martin Luther worked closely with the new elector, John the Steadfast, to whom he turned for secular leadership and funds on behalf of a church largely shorn of its assets and income after the break with Rome.

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23. Martin Luther wrote to the Elector: "During my absence, Satan has entered my sheepfold, and committed ravages which I cannot repair by writing, but only by my personal presence and living word.

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24. Martin Luther justified his opposition to the rebels on three grounds.

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25. Martin Luther made his pronouncements from Wartburg in the context of rapid developments at Wittenberg, of which he was kept fully informed.

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26. Martin Luther made certain concessions to the Saxon, who was a relative of the Elector, and promised to remain silent if his opponents did.

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27. Martin Luther came to understand justification as entirely the work of God.

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28. Martin Luther began to teach that salvation or redemption is a gift of God's grace, attainable only through faith in Jesus as the Messiah.

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29. The most important for Martin Luther was the doctrine of justification—God's act of declaring a sinner righteous—by faith alone through God's grace.

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30. Martin Luther published a short commentary on Galatians and his Work on the Psalms.

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31. Martin Luther objected to a saying attributed to Johann Tetzel that "As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, the soul from purgatory springs.

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32. Martin Luther was made provincial vicar of Saxony and Thuringia by his religious order in 1515.

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33. Martin Luther spent the rest of his career in this position at the University of Wittenberg.

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34. Martin Luther described this period of his life as one of deep spiritual despair.

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35. Martin Luther was deeply influenced by two tutors, Bartholomaeus Arnoldi von Usingen and Jodocus Trutfetter, who taught him to be suspicious of even the greatest thinkers and to test everything himself by experience.

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36. Martin Luther sought assurances about life and was drawn to theology and philosophy, expressing particular interest in Aristotle, William of Ockham, and Gabriel Biel.

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37. Martin Luther had several brothers and sisters, and is known to have been close to one of them, Jacob.

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38. Martin Luther was baptized the next morning on the feast day of St Martin of Tours.

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39. Martin Luther proposed an academic discussion of the practice and efficacy of indulgences in his Ninety-five Theses of 1517.

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40. Martin Luther came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church.

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